This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





Related to Gothic 𐌳𐌿𐌻𐌲𐍃 (dulgs, debt):

  • Most Slavists (Vasmer, Trubačev, Snoj) presume a native origin, because of the mobile accent (atypical for Germanic loanwords). Machek proposes a Slavic origin for the Gothic term. Others usually consider a genetic kinship between the two, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰlegʰ-.
  • Germanists (Stender-Petersen, favoured by Pronk-Tiethoff) consider it a Gothic loanword,[1] since other financial terminology in early Slavic was mostly of Germanic origin: e.g. Proto-Slavic *myto (tax), *lixva (interest), *pěnędzь (coin), *kupiti (to purchase). Lehmann speculates that both Gothic and Slavic terms may be Celtic loanwords.



*dъ̑lgъ m[2][3][4][1]

  1. debt



Though it is traditionally reconstructed as a hard o-stem, Pronk-Tiethoff suggests that *dъlgъ was probably a u-stem instead: “the word is syllabic and has the root structure CъRC-, it shows u-stem endings in Old Church Slavic, as well as, e.g., the ‘second locative’ v dolgú in Russian, and the adjective formation R dolgovój. It has accentuation of the type Stang identifies with the Proto-Slavic u-stems.”

Derived terms





  1. 1.0 1.1 Pronk-Tiethoff, Saskia E. (2013) The Germanic loanwords in Proto-Slavic[1], Amsterdam - New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 142:PSl. *dъlgъ ‘debt’ (m. o-stem) [AP C]
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*dъ̑lgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 129:m. o (c) ‘debt’
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “dъlgъ dъlga”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[2], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:c (SA 81, 187; PR 137; MP 16)
  4. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “dolg”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, *dь̑lgъ ali *dъ̑lgъ

Further reading

  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1978), “*dъlgъ”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 5 (*dělo – *dьržьlь), Moscow: Nauka, page 179
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “долг”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “дълг”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 455