Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/kupiti

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Causative denominal verb of *kupъ (heap, pile) +‎ *-iti, mostly superseded by the Germanic loanword *kupiti (to purchase). Akin to Lithuanian kaũpti (to pile up, to dig up)[1].

VerbEdit

*kupìti impf[2]

  1. to pile, to gather in one place
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1987), “*kupiti (sę) II”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 13, Moscow: Nauka, page 112
  • Todorov T., editor (2010), “съвъкупям (се)”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 7, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 649

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Proto-Germanic *kaupijaną (to trade) probably via Gothic (compare Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌿𐍀𐍉𐌽 (kaupōn)), itself from Latin caupō (tradesman), possibly ultimately from Hittite ḫappar (purchase, price)[3] (from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ep-). The Germanic lemma is also loaned in Finnish kaupita.

VerbEdit

*kupìti pf (imperfective *kupovati)[4][5]

  1. to buy, to trade
InflectionEdit
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “kaupti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 233
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “(sъ-vъ-)kupiti: -kupjǫ -kupitь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b sammenfatte (PR 137)”
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “κάπηλος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 638
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “kupiti: kupjǫ kupitь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b købe (PR 137)”
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “kupīti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*kupi̋ti”