Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/korpъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain origin. Opinions split between:

In either case, related to Old High German karpo, Late Latin carpa. Vasmer excludes Slavic origin for the Germanic terms (and from there for Latin), however, leaves as a possibility spread from some paleo-Balkan or paleo-Pannonian Indo-European dialect.

Reconstruction notesEdit

South Slavic descendants point towards acute root *kőrpъ[1], while East Slavic towards lax *kȍrpъ > Old East Slavic ко́ропъ (kóropŭ).

NounEdit

*korpъ m

  1. common carp (Cyprinus carpio); any fish of the genus Cyprinus

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: ко́ропъ (kóropŭ)
  • South Slavic:
    • Bulgarian: крап (krap) (regional, archaic)
    • Macedonian: крап (krap)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: кра̏п (southwestern dialectal)
      Latin: krȁp (southwestern dialectal)
    • Slovene: kràp
  • West Slavic:
    • Old Czech: krap
      • >? Czech: kapr (metathesis)
    • Slovak: krap (dialectal)
      • >? Slovak: kapor (metathesis)
  • Non-Slavic:

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “krap¹”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), https://fran.si: “Pslovan. *kőrpъ”