This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Perhaps related to Proto-Germanic *smiþaz, Ancient Greek σμῑ́λη (smī́lē), Proto-Celtic *mēnis, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)meh₁y- (to mince, to twist). Bernecker conjectures a possible relation between the Slavic term and Hittite [script needed] (miti-, reddish). The later may be the origin[1] of the name of the mythical King Μίδας (Mídas) (of Phrygian origin) who, according to the legend, was cursed to transform any object he touched into gold. Possibly cognate with "medъ"


*mě̀dь f[2][3]

  1. copper


Related termsEdit


Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Brendan Burke (2002), “Anatolian Origins of the Gordian Knot Legend”, in Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 42[1], pages 255–261
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*mě̀dъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 309: “f. i (a) ‘copper’”
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “mědь mědi, mědi”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “a (SA 137, 188, 199; PR 132; MP 16)”