This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Alternative forms edit

  • *smiþô (found in one compound in Gothic)

Etymology edit

Likely related to *smītaną, *smit(t)ōną (to strike; to smudge), but the origin is uncertain. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *smey- (to smear, spread) +‎ *-t-, if the root is cognate with Ancient Greek σμάω (smáō, to smear, wipe),[1] but this comes with formal difficulties and the similarity may well be coincidental. For the semantics, Orel compares Proto-Slavic *kaliti (to temper (of metals)) versus *kalъ (dirt)—though their connection is also disputed—and assumes an intermediate meaning “to dip [metal] into liquid”. Per Kroonen, the suffix may be an agentive tu-stem (see Proto-Indo-European *-tus and Proto-Germanic *-þuz), but no further etymology is given.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

*smiþaz m[1]

  1. craftsman, smith

Alternative reconstructions edit

Inflection edit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *smiþaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *smiþaz *smiþōz, *smiþōs
vocative *smiþ *smiþōz, *smiþōs
accusative *smiþą *smiþanz
genitive *smiþas, *smiþis *smiþǫ̂
dative *smiþai *smiþamaz
instrumental *smiþō *smiþamiz

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*smiþaz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 354–355
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*smiþu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 460