Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/sedmъ

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Alternative reconstructions edit

Etymology edit

From earlier *sebdmъ < *septmъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *septmas, from Proto-Indo-European *septmós.

Baltic cognates include Old Lithuanian sẽkmas, Old Prussian septmas (seventh).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit सप्तम (saptamá, seventh), Ancient Greek ἕβδομος (hébdomos, seventh), Latin septimus (seventh), Proto-Germanic *sebundô.

Adjective edit

Proto-Slavic numbers (edit)
 ←  6 7 8  → 
    Cardinal: *sedmь
    Ordinal: *sedmъ
    Adverbial: *sedmь kortь
    Multiplier: *sedmerъnъ, *sedmь kortьnъ
    Collective: *sedmero
    Fractional: *sedmina

*sedmъ[2]

  1. seventh

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “седьмой”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “седьмой”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa
  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912), “седмꙑи, седьмꙑи”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, седьмꙑи column 322
  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912), “семꙑи”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[2] (in Russian), volume 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 332

References edit

  1. ^ Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993), “восемь”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1 (а – пантомима), 3rd edition, Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 168
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sèdmъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 443: “num. o ‘seventh’”