Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/zelьje

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Collective noun from an earlier i-stem adjective *zelь +‎ *-ьje, continuing Proto-Balto-Slavic *źelˀias (green)[1], ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (to sprout, to shine). Baltic languages reflect almost the same lemma, however, with o-grade: Lithuanian žãlias (green), Latvian zaļš (green). Further cognate with Sanskrit हरि (hari, golden, pale, yellow), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰárHiš.

NounEdit

*zèlьje n[2]

  1. vegetation, herbs (usually fresh)
  2. (by specialization) cabbage
    Synonym: *kapusta

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: зе́лле (zjéllje)
    • Russian: зе́лье (zélʹje, potion)
    • Ukrainian: зі́лля (zíllja)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “žalias”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 511f
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “zelje”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), https://fran.si: “*zèlьje”