Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵʰelh₃-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*ǵʰelh₃-[1][2]

  1. to flourish
  2. green, yellow

Derived termsEdit

  • *ǵʰélh₃-ye-ti (ye-present)
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
  • *ǵʰélh₃-s ~ *ǵʰl̥h₃-és
    • Germanic: *gulaz (yellow) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *helos
      • Old Latin: helus
        • Latin: holus (vegetable; greens)
  • *ǵʰolh₃-éh₂
  • *ǵʰólh₃-i-s ~ *ǵʰl̥h₃-éy-s
  • *ǵʰolh₃-n-éh₂
    • ? Germanic: *gallǭ (gall, bile) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ǵʰl̥h₃-no-s
    • Celtic: *glanos (clean, clear) (possibly) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ǵʰelh₃-o-s
    • Celtic: *gelos (bright, white) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ǵʰl̥h₃-ró-s
  • *ǵʰl̥h₃-tó-s
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *žьltъ (yellow) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *gulþą (gold) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ǵʰelh₃-wó-s
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
    • Germanic: *gelwaz (yellow) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *helwos
      • Latin: helvus (honey-yellow)
  • *ǵʰleh₃- (metathesized)
    • *ǵʰleh₃-(e)-ti (root present)
      • >? Germanic: *glōaną (see there for further descendants)
*ǵʰelh₃-en-
  • *ǵʰélh₃en-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *zelènъ (green) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ǵʰl̥h₃en-yó-m
*ǵʰelh₃-t-
  • *ǵʰélh₃t-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
  • *ǵʰólh₃t-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *zolto (gold) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ǵʰl̥h₃t-tó-s
    • Celtic: *glastos (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN