Open main menu
This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Alternative reconstructionsEdit


Akin to Proto-Mongolic *adag (end) (Mongolian адаг (adag, end)) and Proto-Tungusic *pagdi (foot sole). Compare also *baĺč (head, beginning).



  1. foot
  2. end

Derived termsEdit


  • Karakhanid: اَذَقْ(aδaq)
  • Old Turkic
  • Khorezmian: [script needed] (aδaq), [script needed] (ayaq)
  • Arghu
    • Khalaj: [script needed] (hadaq)
  • Oghuz
    • Azerbaijani: ayaq
    • Gagauz: ayak
    • Ottoman Turkish: آیاق(ayak)
    • Salar: [script needed] (ayaχ)
    • Turkmen: aýak
  • Kipchak
    • Cuman: [script needed] (ayaq)
    • Mamluk-Kipchak: [script needed] (ayaq)
    • West Kipchak
    • North Kipchak
    • South Kipchak
  • Karluk
  • Siberian
  • Oghur

Further readingEdit

  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “aḏak”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 45
  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*p`ágdi”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill