See also: Simplex

English edit

 
Simplexes (geometry).
 
Simplex wireless communication.
 
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Latin simplex (simple).

In the mathematical sense, apparently first used (in German) in 1902, Pieter Hendrik Schoute, Mehrdimensionale Geometrie[1], where Schoute first suggests the term Simplicissimum, but then from the next page decides to use simplex "for short".[1] In his pioneering works on algebraic topology, Henri Poincaré had previously introduced the concept, but not the actual term simplex.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪmplɛks/
  • (file)

Adjective edit

simplex (not comparable)

  1. Single, simple; not complex.
  2. (telecommunications) Unidirectional.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

(unidirectional):

Translations edit

Noun edit

simplex (plural simplexes or simplices or simplicia)

  1. (geometry, algebraic topology) An analogue in a space of arbitrary dimensionality of the triangle or tetrahedron; the convex hull of n+1 linearly independent points in n-dimensional space; in other words, the triangle, tetrahedron etc., generalized to an arbitrary number of dimensions.
  2. (linguistics) A monomorphemic word, one without affixes.
    -ology” is usually a suffix, but it can be used on its own as a simplex as well.
    • 1978, Helga Harries-Delisle, “Contrastive Emphasis and Cleft Sentences”, in Universals of Human Language, edited by Joseph H. Greenberg, →ISBN, page 460:
      The only indication that 139. is a simplex is the sentence intonation and the absence of a break between the verb and the subject.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

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Latin edit

Latin numbers (edit)
10[a], [b], [c], [d]
I
1
2  → [a], [b] 10  → [a], [b], [c], [d]
    Cardinal: ūnus
    Ordinal: prīmus
    Adverbial: semel
    Multiplier: simplex, simplus
    Distributive: singulī
    Collective: ūniō
    Fractional: integer

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *sempleks, from the same root as semel +‎ -plex.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

simplex (genitive simplicis, comparative simplicior, superlative simplicissimus, adverb simpliciter); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. single
  2. simple, plain, uncompounded
  3. pure, unmixed
  4. sincere, naive, frank, open, without guile, guileless, unsuspecting
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.225-226:
      male crēditis hostī: simplex nōbilitās, perfida tēla cave!
      You do wrong to trust the enemy: Guileless nobles, beware of treacherous weapons!

Declension edit

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative simplex simplicēs simplicia
Genitive simplicis simplicium
Dative simplicī simplicibus
Accusative simplicem simplex simplicēs simplicia
Ablative simplicī simplicibus
Vocative simplex simplicēs simplicia

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • simplex”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • simplex”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • simplex in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • simplex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French simplex.

Noun edit

simplex n (uncountable)

  1. simplex

Declension edit