This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Reconstruction notesEdit

Clauson reconstructs a long vowel to account for written vowel signs in Old Turkic and Karakhanid, however this is not confirmed by Oghuz data.

EDAL reconstructs *sɨb with later labialization to explain Chuvash palatalization.



  1. water



  • Oghur:
    • Khazar:
      • Ancient Greek: Χαράσιου (Kharásiou, name of a river)
    • Bulgar: شِونَ(şıvna, dative), شِو(şıv)
  • Common Turkic:

Further readingEdit

  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “su:v”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 783
  • Levitskaja, L. S.; Dybo, A. V.; Rassadin, V. I. (2000) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ tjurkskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Turkic Languages]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 6, Moscow: Indrik, page 348
  • Tenišev E. R., editor (2001) Sravnitelʹno-istoričeskaja grammatika tjurkskix jazykov: Leksika [Comparative Historical Grammar of Turkic Languages: Lexis] (in Russian), volume 4, Moscow: Nauka, page 87
  • Doerfer, Gerhard (1967) Türkische und mongolische Elemente im Neupersischen [Turkic and Mongolian Elements in New Persian] (Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur: Veröffentlichungen der Orientalischen Kommission; 20)‎[2] (in German), volume 3, Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, page 281-282