Alemannic GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German sun, from Old High German sunu, from Proto-Germanic *sunuz. Cognate with German Sohn, Dutch zoon, English son, Icelandic sonur.

NounEdit

su m

  1. (Issime, Formazza) son

ReferencesEdit

  • “su” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

AromanianEdit

PrepositionEdit

su

  1. Alternative form of sum

Awa-CuaiquerEdit

NounEdit

su

  1. land, earth, ground

ReferencesEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic су
Roman su
Perso-Arabic سو

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *sub.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [su]
  • (file)

NounEdit

su (countable and uncountable, definite accusative suyu, plural sular)

  1. water
    Bəzi ölkərdə əhalinin təmiz içməli suyu yoxdur.
    In some countries, the population doesn't have clean drinking water.
    stəkana su tökməkto pour water into a glass
  2. juice
    armud suyupear juice.
    Pomidorun suyu buxarlanıb yalnız “əti” qalmalıdır.The juice of the tomato should vaporize and only the "meat" remain.

DeclensionEdit

The words and su (and sometimes mövqe) are the only ones in Azerbaijani to take a y in the singular accusative, genitive, and dative cases, and in the singular possessive forms.

Derived termsEdit


BasqueEdit

 
Basque Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eu

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Basque *su.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

su inan

  1. fire

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: socarrat

Further readingEdit

  • su” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • su” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

ChuukeseEdit

VerbEdit

su

  1. to depart (on a journey)
  2. to go

CzechEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

su

  1. (dialect, Moravia) first-person singular present of být

Usage notesEdit

  • Only used in grammatical contexts where být (to be) is used as a main verb; where it is an auxiliary verb the standard form jsem is used. The same speaker would, for example, say "su doma" (= I'm at home) but "dorazil jsem" (= I (have) arrived).

SynonymsEdit


FinnishEdit

NounEdit

su

  1. Abbreviation of sunnuntai (Sunday).

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

su m (feminine singular sue, masculine plural sus, feminine plural sues)

  1. past participle of savoir (known)
    J'avais su qu'elle mentait.
    I had known that she was lying.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GagauzEdit

NounEdit

su

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • İsmail Ulutaş, Relative Clauses in Gagauz Syntax (2004)

GreenlandicEdit

RootEdit

su

  1. Usually has interrogative meaning.

Usage notesEdit

Like pi, su is not used on its own, but must be supplied with affixes or inflectional endings.


GuaraníEdit

NumberEdit

su

  1. thousand

HausaEdit

PronunciationEdit

IdeophoneEdit

sū̀

  1. slithering, sliding

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto si, from French se, Italian , Spanish se, ultimately from Latin , from Proto-Indo-European *swé +‎ -u (personal pronoun ending).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

su (reflexive, possessive sua, possessive plural sui)

  1. self, oneself, himself, herself, itself, themselves (reflexive pronoun, 3rd person, singular or plural)
    La soldati defensis su brave.
    The soldiers defended themselves bravely.

See alsoEdit


Ili TurkiEdit

NounEdit

su

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Zhào Xiāngrú and Reinhard F. Hahn (1989). "The Ili Turk People and Their Language". Central Asiatic Journal.

Indo-PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese seu, from Latin suus, from Old Latin *sovos, from Proto-Indo-European *swoyos.

PronounEdit

su

  1. (Diu) third-person possessive pronoun; his; her; its
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Já fallou par su pai aquêl mais piquin, []
      The youngest one told his father []

InterlinguaEdit

DeterminerEdit

su (possessive)

  1. his
  2. her
  3. its

Usage notesEdit

  • Does not decline on the basis of gender or number.

InupiaqEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

su

  1. what
    Su??
    What??

ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (misspelling)

EtymologyEdit

From an older form suso, from Latin sūsum, a variant of Latin sūrsum.[1] Cognate to French sus.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

su

  1. up, upstairs

Derived termsEdit

InterjectionEdit

su

  1. come on!

PrepositionEdit

su

  1. on, upon, onto, on top
    Lezione d'inglese numero 1: Il libro è sulla tavola.
    English lesson number 1: The book is on the table.
  2. over
    L'orologio sul polsino della camicia era il marchio di fabbrica di Gianni Agnelli.
    The watch over the shirt cuff was Gianni Agnelli's trademark.
  3. about, on
    Gli italiani non sono d'accordo su molte cose sul come cucinare la pasta e soprattutto sul condimento.
    Italians don't agree on many things about how to cook pasta and especially on the sauce.
  4. above
    La Paz, che sorge a circa 3600 metri sul livello del mare, è la più alta capitale del mondo.
    La Paz, which lies about 3600 metres above sea level, is the world's highest capital city.
  5. in, out of
    Un europeo su cinque avrà più di 65 anni entro il 2025.
    One in five Europeans will be more than 65 years old by year 2025.

Usage notesEdit

  • When followed by the definite article, su combines with the article to produce the following combined forms:
su + article Combined form
su + il sul
su + lo sullo
su + l' sull'
su + i sui
su + gli sugli
su + la sulla
su + le sulle

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Italiot GreekEdit

PronounEdit

su (Greek spelling σού, strong personal pronoun)

  1. Contraction of esù (you).

Related termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

su

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

LadinoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

su (Latin spelling, plural sus)

  1. his, her, its
  2. (often in the plural) their

Usage notesEdit

For many speakers, su agrees with the antecedent in number, rather than with the noun being described.


LithuanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śun, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm, or from Proto-Indo-European *som-. Cognate with Proto-Slavic *sъ(n).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

(with instrumental)

  1. with
    1. identifies the object of a reciprocal action
      kalbėtis su drauguto talk with a friend
    2. identifies accompanying people or objects
      mama su vaikaismom with [her] children
      gerti arbatą su pienuto drink tea with milk
    3. identifies an ingredient, feature, or contents
      dėžutė su dokumentaisa box of documents
      pyragas su braškėmispie with strawberries
    4. identifies time by means of a simultaneous event
      keltis su sauleto rise with the sun
    5. compares two things that are similar/identical
      panašus su tėčiu.I'm similar to [my] father.
    6. identifies the state of a subject during an action
      kalbėti su šypsenato speak with a smile
    7. identifies an instrument (equivalent to using the instrumental without su)
      valgyti su šakuteto eat with a fork

AntonymsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Vytautas Ambrazas (2006), “3. Morphology § 8.29”, in Lithuanian Grammar, 2nd revised edition, page 419
  • Derksen, Rick (2015), “su”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 434

LombardEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Italian su, from Latin sursum.

AdverbEdit

su

  1. up

Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

su

  1. third-person plural present of byś
    • 1998, Erwin Hannusch, chapter 1, Niedersorbisch praktisch und verständlich, Bautzen: Domowina Verlag, →ISBN, page 20:
      Tšochu dalej su Stare wiki.
      Somewhat further on is the Old Market.
    • 2011 September 27, I. Neumannojc, “Sadowe bomy za derjeměśe luźa a natury”, Nowy Casnik:
      Sadowe bomy w burskich gumnach a teke na dwórach su typiske za naš region.
      Fruit trees in farmers’ gardens and even in courtyards are typical for our region.

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

su

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Low GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

sü̂

  1. Alternative form of (she).

VerbEdit

sü̂

  1. imperative singular of sên (to see)

Min NanEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of su – see (“human body; body; etc.”).
(This character, su, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

NormanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French sud, su (south), from Old English sūþ, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.

NounEdit

su m (uncountable)

  1. (France) south
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French sur (sour, bitter), from a Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (sour, acidic, salty, damp), from Proto-Indo-European *sūro- (sour, salty, bitter).

AdjectiveEdit

su

  1. (Jersey) sour

Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

PronounEdit

su

  1. accusative/genitive of son

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse , accusative singular indefinite of sýr f, from Proto-Germanic *sūz, from Proto-Indo-European *suH-.

NounEdit

su f (definite singular sua, indefinite plural suer, definite plural suene)

  1. a sow, especially used for breeding
    Synonyms: purke, sugge

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse súð.

NounEdit

su f (definite singular sua, indefinite plural suer, definite plural suene)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Related termsEdit
  • sy (to sew)
  • syl m
  • saum m (seam)

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

su f (definite singular sua, indefinite plural suer, definite plural suene)

  1. (dialectal) flow of waves at a beach
  2. (dialectal) a slipstream
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *sū, from Proto-Germanic *sūz, from Proto-Indo-European *suH-. Germanic cognates include Old Saxon , Old High German (whence German Sau), Old Norse sýr (whence Swedish so). Other Indo-European cognates: Ancient Greek ὗς (hûs), Latin sus, Russian свинья́ (svinʹjá).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 f

  1. sow (female pig)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


SardinianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ipsum, accusative singular of ipse (himself).

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

su (plural sos, feminine sa, feminine plural sas)

  1. the (masculine singular definite article)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

VerbEdit

su (Cyrillic spelling су)

  1. third-person plural present of bȉti

SicilianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *ipsu, from Latin ipsum, from ipse.

ArticleEdit

su m sg (f sa, plural si)

  1. Alternative form of lu (rare)

Related termsEdit

Sicilian articles
Masculine Feminine
indefinite singular un, nu na
definite singular lu, û la, â
definite plural li, î li, î

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin suus, suum, from Proto-Italic *sowos, from Proto-Indo-European *sewos, from *swé.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

su sg (third person possessive of singular, plural sus)

  1. (before the noun) Apocopic form of suyo His, her, its, one's, their, your (formal)
    Vino con su amigo.
    He came with his friend.
    Habló a sus hijas.
    He spoke to his daughters.
    1. used to express an approximate number: About, approximately
      Pesa sus dos kilogramos.
      It weighs about two kilograms.
      (literally, “It weighs its two kilograms.”)
  2. (before the noun, formal) Apocopic form of suyo Your

Usage notesEdit

The forms su and sus are only used before and within the noun phrase of the modified noun. In other positions, a form of suyo is used instead:

Son sus libros. — “[They] are his books.”
Son los libros suyos. — “[They] are his books.” (“...the books of him.”)
Son los suyos. — "[They] are his."

Besides being a pronoun, because su occurs in a noun phrase and expresses reference, it also grammatically classifies as a determiner (specifically a possessive/genitive determiner).

Related termsEdit


SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

su

  1. Romanization of 𒋢 (su)

Tocharian BEdit

PronounEdit

su

  1. he, she, it

See alsoEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English shoe.

NounEdit

su

  1. shoe

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish صو(su), from earlier *suv, from Proto-Turkic *sɨb, *sub (water). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰽𐰆𐰉(sub).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈsu]
  • Hyphenation: su

NounEdit

su (definite accusative suyu, plural sular)

  1. water
  2. juice

DeclensionEdit

The declension of su is somewhat irregular: the genitive form of the singular is suyun and not sunun; also, the third-person-singular possessive is suyu and not susu.

Inflection
Nominative su
Definite accusative suyu
Singular Plural
Nominative su sular
Definite accusative suyu suları
Dative suya sulara
Locative suda sularda
Ablative sudan sulardan
Genitive suyun suların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular suyum sularım
2nd singular suyun suların
3rd singular suyu suları
1st plural suyumuz sularımız
2nd plural suyunuz sularınız
3rd plural suları suları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular suyumu sularımı
2nd singular suyunu sularını
3rd singular suyunu sularını
1st plural suyumuzu sularımızı
2nd plural suyunuzu sularınızı
3rd plural sularını sularını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular suyuma sularıma
2nd singular suyuna sularına
3rd singular suyuna sularına
1st plural suyumuza sularımıza
2nd plural suyunuza sularınıza
3rd plural sularına sularına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular suyumda sularımda
2nd singular suyunda sularında
3rd singular suyunda sularında
1st plural suyumuzda sularımızda
2nd plural suyunuzda sularınızda
3rd plural sularında sularında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular suyumdan sularımdan
2nd singular suyundan sularından
3rd singular suyundan sularından
1st plural suyumuzdan sularımızdan
2nd plural suyunuzdan sularınızdan
3rd plural sularından sularından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular suyumun sularımın
2nd singular suyunun sularının
3rd singular suyunun sularının
1st plural suyumuzun sularımızın
2nd plural suyunuzun sularınızın
3rd plural sularının sularının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular suyum sularım
2nd singular susun sularsın
3rd singular su
sudur
sular
sulardır
1st plural suyuz sularız
2nd plural susunuz sularsınız
3rd plural sular sulardır

Derived termsEdit

juice

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • su in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *suu.

NounEdit

su

  1. mouth

InflectionEdit

Inflection of su
nominative sing. su
genitive sing. sun
partitive sing. sud
partitive plur. suid
singular plural
nominative su sud
accusative sun sud
genitive sun suiden
partitive sud suid
essive-instructive sun suin
translative suks suikš
inessive sus suiš
elative suspäi suišpäi
illative ? suihe
adessive sul suil
ablative sulpäi suilpäi
allative sule suile
abessive suta suita
comitative sunke suidenke
prolative sudme suidme
approximative I sunno suidenno
approximative II sunnoks suidennoks
egressive sunnopäi suidennopäi
terminative I ? suihesai
terminative II sulesai suilesai
terminative III sussai
additive I ? suihepäi
additive II sulepäi suilepäi

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “пасть, рот, устье”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

su

  1. Pronunciation spelling of sâu, representing Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh, Quảng Bình, and Quảng Trị Vietnamese.

WelshEdit

NounEdit

su m (plural suon, not mutable)

  1. Alternative form of si

Western YugurEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *sub, compare Turkish su.

NounEdit

su

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Léi Xuănchūn, Xībù Yùgù-Hàn Cídiăn, Chéngdŭ, Sichuan Minzu Chubanshe, 1992