This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Turkic Edit

Alternative reconstructions Edit

Noun Edit


  1. summer, spring

Declension Edit

Descendants Edit

  • Oghur:
    • Chuvash: ҫур (śur)
    • ? Hungarian: nyár
  • Common Turkic: *yāz
  • Arghu:
  • Oghuz:
  • Kipchak:
    • West Kipchak:
    • North Kipchak:
    • South Kipchak:
    • East Kipchak:
  • Karluk:
  • Siberian:
    • Old Turkic:
    • North Siberian:
      • Dolgan: [script needed] (hās)
      • Yakut: саас (saas)
    • South Siberian:
      • Sayan Turkic:
        • Tofa: [script needed] (čaš)
        • Tuvan: час (ças)
      • Yenisei Turkic:

See also Edit

Seasons in Proto-Turkic (layout · text) · category
*yāŕ (spring)
*yāy (spring)
*yāŕ (summer)
*yāy (summer)
*kǖŕ (autumn) *kïĺ (winter)

References Edit

  1. ^ Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, page 324