This Proto-Vietic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Vietic edit

Etymology edit

The same word as what reconstructed as Proto-Vietic *p-keːʔ (wife) (Ferlus), whence Chut [Rục] məkiː³ and North Central Vietnamese gấy.

Noun edit


  1. woman, female

Descendants edit

  • Eastern Han Chinese (Shuowen Jiezi; Cao Wei-Sima Jin): (LHC kie, ɡieB)[1]
  • Arem: keːʔ
  • Chut:
    • Rục: pəkiː³
    • Sách: pəkiː³
  • Malieng: keː³
  • Thavung: kəː³
  • Tho:
    • Cuối Chăm: keː³
    • Làng Lỡ: keː³
  • Viet-Muong:
    • Muong:
      • Hoà Bình: cải
      • Sơn La: kaːj³
    • Middle Vietnamese: (cái, gái)

Antonyms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Schuessler, Axel (2007). ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, p. 297