Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/darnī

This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West GermanicEdit


Unknown;[1] suggested to be related to *derk (dirty, dark) and perhaps ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold, support).[2]



  1. hidden, concealed
  2. secret


Singular Masculine
Nominative *darnī
Genitive *darnijas
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative *darnī *darniju *darnī
Accusative *darnijanā *darnijā *darnī
Genitive *darnijas *darnijeʀā *darnijas
Dative *darnijumē *darnijeʀē *darnijumē
Instrumental *darniju *darnijeʀu *darniju
Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative *darnijē *darnijō *darniju
Accusative *darnijā *darnijā *darniju
Genitive *darnijeʀō *darnijeʀō *darnijeʀō
Dative *darnijēm, *darnijum *darnijēm, *darnijum *darnijēm, *darnijum
Instrumental *darnijēm, *darnijum *darnijēm, *darnijum *darnijēm, *darnijum

Derived termsEdit

  • *darnijan
  • *darnō
    • Old Saxon: darno



  1. 1.0 1.1 Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “tarnen”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, pages 721: “wg. *darnja-”
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “2. dher-, dherə-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 252-255
  3. ^ Ringe, Donald; Taylor, Ann (2014) The Development of Old English (A Linguistic History of English; 2), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 242: “PWGmc *darnī”
  4. ^ Bratchet, A. (1873), “TERNE”, in Kitchin, G. W., transl., Etymological dictionary of the French language (Clarendon Press Series), 1st edition, London: Oxford/MacMillan and Co., page 382b