Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/flītan

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This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown;[1] presumably from Proto-Germanic *flītaną,[2] possibly:

VerbEdit

*flītan[5][1]

  1. to strive, fight

InflectionEdit

Strong class 1
Infinitive *flītan
1st sg. past *flait
3rd pl. past *flitun
Past ptcple *flitan
Infinitive *flītan
Genitive infin. *flītannjas
Dative infin. *flītannjē
Instrum. infin. *flītannju
Indicative Present Past
1st singular *flītu *flait
2nd singular *flītiʀi *flitī
3rd singular *flītidi *flait
1st plural *flītum *flitum
2nd plural *flītid *flitud
3rd plural *flītand *flitun
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular *flītē *flitī
2nd singular *flītēs *flitī
3rd singular *flītē *flitī
1st plural *flītēm *flitīm
2nd plural *flītēþ *flitīd
3rd plural *flītēn *flitīn
Imperative Present
Singular *flīt
Plural *flītid
Present Past
Participle *flītandī *flitan

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Fleiß”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, page 220
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “flitan”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 147
  3. ^ Schumacher, Stefan; Schulze-Thulin, Britta (2004) Die keltischen Primärverben: ein vergleichendes, etymologisches und morphologisches Lexikon [The Celtic Primary Verbs: A comparative, etymological and morphological lexicon] (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft; 110) (in German), Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck, →ISBN, pages 521-522
  4. ^ Etymologisches Wörterbuch der althochdeutschen Sprache, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1988–
  5. ^ Ringe, Donald; Taylor, Ann (2014) The Development of Old English (A Linguistic History of English; 2), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 126: “*flītan”