• IPA(key): /ˈstɹaɪv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪv

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English striven (to strive), from Old French estriver (to compete, quarrel), from Frankish *strīban (to exert, make an effort) from Proto-Germanic *strībaną.


strive (third-person singular simple present strives, present participle striving, simple past strove or strived, past participle striven or strived or (nonstandard, colloquial) strove)

  1. To try to achieve a result; to make strenuous effort; to try earnestly and persistently.
    He strove to excel.
    We strive for the truth.
    • 2021 January 13, Christian Wolmar, “Read all about London's Cathedrals of Steam”, in RAIL, issue 922, page 62:
      Moreover, on several occasions, terminus stations such as Nine Elms, Bishop's Bridge, Maiden Lane and Bishopgate were built rather further away from the centre of London, only to be dispensed with as the various railway companies strove to get as near as possible to the lucrative markets of the City and the West End.
  2. To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest.
    to strive against fate
    • 1641, John Denham, On the Earl of Strafford's Tryal and Death:
      Now private pity strove with public hate,
      Reason with rage, and eloquence with fate.
  3. To vie; to compete as a rival.
Usage notesEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit


strive (plural strives)

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of strife

Further readingEdit