Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/sturtijan

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This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain; possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tr̥-d-yé-ti, from *(s)ter- (to be stiff).[1]

VerbEdit

*sturtijan[1][2]

  1. to fall down, tumble

InflectionEdit

Class 1 weak
Infinitive *sturtijan
1st sg. past *sturtidā
Infinitive *sturtijan
Genitive infin. *sturtijannjas
Dative infin. *sturtijannjē
Instrum. infin. *sturtijannju
Indicative Present Past
1st singular *sturtiju *sturtidā
2nd singular *sturtisi *sturtidēs, *sturtidōs
3rd singular *sturtiþi *sturtidē, *sturtidā
1st plural *sturtijum *sturtidum
2nd plural *sturtiþ *sturtidud
3rd plural *sturtijanþ *sturtidun
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular *sturtijē *sturtidī
2nd singular *sturtijēs *sturtidī
3rd singular *sturtijē *sturtidī
1st plural *sturtijēm *sturtidīm
2nd plural *sturtijēþ *sturtidīd
3rd plural *sturtijēn *sturtidīn
Imperative Present
Singular *sturti
Plural *sturtiþ
Present Past
Participle *sturtijandī *sturtid

Related termsEdit

  • *stertalōn
    • Old English: steartlian

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959) , “(s)terd-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 1023-1024: “westgerm. *sturtjan”
  2. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989) , “stürzen”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, page 712: “wg. *sturt-ija-”
  3. ^ de Vaan, Michiel (2014-2018) , “Addenda EWN”, in http://www.neerlandistiek.nl/2016/03/etymologie-storten