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See also: Start and START

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stert, from the verb sterten (to start, startle). See below.

NounEdit

start (plural starts)

  1. The beginning of an activity.
    The movie was entertaining from start to finish.
    • Shakespeare
      I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips, / Straining upon the start.
  2. A sudden involuntary movement.
    He woke with a start.
    • L'Estrange
      Nature does nothing by starts and leaps, or in a hurry.
    • Robert Louis Stevenson, Olalla
      The sight of his scared face, his starts and pallors and sudden harkenings, unstrung me []
  3. The beginning point of a race, a board game, etc.
  4. An appearance in a sports game from the beginning of the match.
    Jones has been a substitute before, but made his first start for the team last Sunday.
    • 2011 February 12, Ian Hughes, “Arsenal 2 - 0 Wolverhampton\”, in BBC[1]:
      Wilshere, who made his first start for England in the midweek friendly win over Denmark, raced into the penalty area and chose to cross rather than shoot - one of the very few poor selections he made in the match.
  5. A young plant germinated in a pot to be transplanted later.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English sterten (to leap up suddenly, rush out), from Old English styrtan (to leap up, start), from Proto-Germanic *sturtijaną (to startle, move, set in motion), causative of *stirtaną (to leap, tumble), from Proto-Indo-European *stere-, *strē- (to be strong, steady, rigid, fixed). Cognate with Old Frisian stirta (to fall down, tumble), Middle Dutch sterten (to rush, fall, collapse) (Dutch storten), Old High German sturzen (to hurl, plunge, turn upside down) (German stürzen), Old High German sterzan (to be stiff, protrude). More at stare.

VerbEdit

start (third-person singular simple present starts, present participle starting, simple past and past participle started)

  1. (transitive) To begin, commence, initiate.
    1. To set in motion.
      to start a stream of water;   to start a rumour;   to start a business
      • Joseph Addison (1672-1719)
        I was engaged in conversation upon a subject which the people love to start in discourse.
      • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
        In the autumn there was a row at some cement works about the unskilled labour men. A union had just been started for them and all but a few joined. One of these blacklegs was laid for by a picket and knocked out of time.
    2. To begin.
      • 2013 July 19, Peter Wilby, “Finland spreads word on schools”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 30:
        Imagine a country where children do nothing but play until they start compulsory schooling at age seven. Then, without exception, they attend comprehensives until the age of 16. Charging school fees is illegal, and so is sorting pupils into ability groups by streaming or setting.
    3. To initiate operation of a vehicle or machine.
    4. To put or raise (a question, an objection); to put forward (a subject for discussion).
    5. To bring onto being or into view; to originate; to invent.
      • Sir William Temple (1628–1699)
        Sensual men agree in the pursuit of every pleasure they can start.
  2. (intransitive) To begin an activity.
    The rain started at 9:00.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer ‘cottage’  [] .” So I started to back away again into the bushes. But I hadn't backed more'n a couple of yards when I see something so amazing that I couldn't help scooching down behind the bayberries and looking at it.
  3. To startle or be startled; to move or be moved suddenly.
    1. (intransitive) To jerk suddenly in surprise.
    2. (transitive) To move suddenly from its place or position; to displace or loosen; to dislocate.
      to start a bone;   the storm started the bolts in the vessel
      • Wiseman
        One, by a fall in wrestling, started the end of the clavicle from the sternum.
    3. (intransitive) To awaken suddenly.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Mary Shelley
        I started from my sleep with horror []
    4. To disturb and cause to move suddenly; to startle; to alarm; to rouse; to cause to flee or fly.
      The hounds started a fox.
  4. (intransitive) To break away, to come loose.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (Penguin 1985 reprint), page 66:
      we could, with the greatest ease as well as clearness, see all objects (ourselves unseen) only by applying our eyes close to the crevice, where the moulding of a panel had warped or started a little on the other side.
  5. (transitive, sports) To put into play.
    • 2010, Brian Glanville, The Story of the World Cup: The Essential Companion to South Africa 2010, London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 9780571236053, page 361:
      The charge against Zagallo then is not so much that he started Ronaldo, but that when it should surely have been clear that the player was in no fit state to take part he kept him on.
  6. (nautical) To pour out; to empty; to tap and begin drawing from.
    to start a water cask
  7. (euphemistic) To start your periods (menstruation).
    Have you started yet?
Usage notesEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

start (plural starts)

  1. A tail, or anything projecting like a tail.
  2. A handle, especially that of a plough.
  3. The curved or inclined front and bottom of a water wheel bucket.
  4. The arm, or level, of a gin, drawn around by a horse.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for start in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

AnagramsEdit


Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start

  1. start

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary][2], Simferopol: Dolya, ISBN 966-7980-89-8

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start m

  1. start (beginning point of a race)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • start in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • start in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start c (singular definite starten, plural indefinite starter)

  1. start

InflectionEdit

VerbEdit

start

  1. imperative of starte

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

start m (plural starts, diminutive startje n)

  1. start

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

start

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of starten
  2. imperative of starten

GermanEdit

VerbEdit

start

  1. Imperative singular of starten.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start m (definite singular starten, indefinite plural starter, definite plural startene)

  1. a start
    fra start til mål - from start to finish
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

start

  1. imperative of starte

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

start m (definite singular starten, indefinite plural startar, definite plural startane)

  1. a start (beginning)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

start m inan

  1. (sports) start (the beginning of a race)
  2. (aviation) takeoff
    Z niecierpliwością czekałam na start samolotu do Paryża.
    I was impatiently waiting for the plane to Paris to take off. (=for its take-off)
  3. participation
    Większość kibiców ucieszyła się, że zdecydował się on na start w zawodach.
    Most fans were happy to hear that he had decided to take part in the competition.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [staɾt]
  • Hyphenation: start

NounEdit

start (definite accusative startı, plural startlar)

  1. start

Usage notesEdit

As Turks are generally not easily spelling consonants at the beginning of a syllable, this word may often be spelled as [sɯtaɾt].

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit