See also: Start, START, and štart

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stert, from the verb sterten (to start, startle). See below.

NounEdit

start (plural starts)

  1. The beginning of an activity.
    The movie was entertaining from start to finish.
  2. A sudden involuntary movement.
    He woke with a start.
  3. The beginning point of a race, a board game, etc.
    Captured pieces are returned to the start of the board.
  4. An appearance in a sports game, horserace, etc., from the beginning of the event.
    Jones has been a substitute before, but made his first start for the team last Sunday.
    • 2011 February 12, Ian Hughes, “Arsenal 2 - 0 Wolverhampton”, in BBC[1]:
      Wilshere, who made his first start for England in the midweek friendly win over Denmark, raced into the penalty area and chose to cross rather than shoot - one of the very few poor selections he made in the match.
  5. (horticulture) A young plant germinated in a pot to be transplanted later.
    • 2009, Liz Primeau, Steven A. Frowine, Gardening Basics For Canadians For Dummies
      You generally see nursery starts at garden centres in mid to late spring. Small annual plants are generally sold in four-packs or larger packs, with each cell holding a single young plant.
  6. An initial advantage over somebody else; a head start.
    to get, or have, the start
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • German: Start
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English sterten (to leap up suddenly, rush out), from Old English styrtan (to leap up, start), from Proto-West Germanic *sturtijan (to startle, move, set in motion), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ter- (to be stiff). Cognate with Old Frisian stirta (to fall down, tumble), Middle Dutch sterten (to rush, fall, collapse) (Dutch storten), Old High German sturzen (to hurl, plunge, turn upside down) (German stürzen), Old High German sterzan (to be stiff, protrude). More at stare.

VerbEdit

start (third-person singular simple present starts, present participle starting, simple past and past participle started)

  1. (transitive) To begin, commence, initiate.
    1. To set in motion.
      to start a stream of water;   to start a rumour;   to start a business
      • April 2, 1716, Joseph Addison, Freeholder No. 30
        I was some years ago engaged in conversation with a fashionable French Abbe, upon a subject which the people of that kingdom love to start in discourse.
      • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
        In the autumn there was a row at some cement works about the unskilled labour men. A union had just been started for them and all but a few joined. One of these blacklegs was laid for by a picket and knocked out of time.
    2. To begin.
      • 2013 July 19, Peter Wilby, “Finland spreads word on schools”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 30:
        Imagine a country where children do nothing but play until they start compulsory schooling at age seven. Then, without exception, they attend comprehensives until the age of 16. Charging school fees is illegal, and so is sorting pupils into ability groups by streaming or setting.
    3. To initiate operation of a vehicle or machine.
      to start the engine
    4. To put or raise (a question, an objection); to put forward (a subject for discussion).
    5. To bring onto being or into view; to originate; to invent.
      • 1674, William Temple, letter to The Countess of Essex
        Sensual men agree in the pursuit of every pleasure they can start.
  2. (intransitive) To begin an activity.
    The rain started at 9:00.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer ‘cottage’ [...].” So I started to back away again into the bushes. But I hadn't backed more'n a couple of yards when I see something so amazing that I couldn't help scooching down behind the bayberries and looking at it.
  3. (intransitive) To have its origin (at), begin.
    The speed limit is 50 km/h, starting at the edge of town.
    The blue line starts one foot away from the wall.
  4. To startle or be startled; to move or be moved suddenly.
    1. (intransitive) To jerk suddenly in surprise.
    2. (intransitive) To awaken suddenly.
    3. (transitive) To disturb and cause to move suddenly; to startle; to alarm; to rouse; to cause to flee or fly.
      The hounds started a fox.
    4. (transitive) To move suddenly from its place or position; to displace or loosen; to dislocate.
      to start a bone;   the storm started the bolts in the vessel
      • 1676, Richard Wiseman, Severall Chirurgical Treatises
        One, by a fall in wrestling, started the end of the clavicle from the sternon.
  5. (intransitive) To break away, to come loose.
    • 1749, [John Cleland], “[Letter the First]”, in Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure [Fanny Hill], volume I, London: [] G. Fenton [i.e., Fenton and Ralph Griffiths] [], OCLC 731622352, page 76:
      [...] we could, with the greateſt eaſe, as well as clearneſs, ſee all objects, (ourſelves unſeen) only by applying our eyes cloſe to the crevice, where the moulding of a pannel had warp'd, or ſtarted a little on the other ſide.
  6. (transitive, sports) To put into play.
    • 2010, Brian Glanville, The Story of the World Cup: The Essential Companion to South Africa 2010, London: Faber and Faber, →ISBN, page 361:
      The charge against Zagallo then is not so much that he started Ronaldo, but that when it should surely have been clear that the player was in no fit state to take part he kept him on.
  7. (transitive, nautical) To pour out; to empty; to tap and begin drawing from.
    to start a water cask
  8. (intransitive, euphemistic) To start one's periods (menstruation).
    Have you started yet?
Usage notesEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English stert, start, from Old English steort, stert, from Proto-Germanic *stertaz (tail). Cognate with Dutch staart (tail), German Sterz (tail, handle), Swedish stjärt (tail, arse).

NounEdit

start (plural starts)

  1. A tail, or anything projecting like a tail.
  2. A handle, especially that of a plough.
  3. The curved or inclined front and bottom of a water wheel bucket.
  4. The arm, or level, of a gin, drawn around by a horse.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for start in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Derived termsEdit

  1. redstart

AnagramsEdit


BretonEdit

AdjectiveEdit

start

  1. firm, strong
  2. difficult

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Herve Ar Bihan, Colloquial Breton, pages 16 and 268: define "start" as "hard, difficult, firm"

Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start

  1. start

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[3], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

start m

  1. start (beginning point of a race)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • start in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • start in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start c (singular definite starten, plural indefinite starter)

  1. start

InflectionEdit

VerbEdit

start

  1. imperative of starte

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start m (plural starts, diminutive startje n)

  1. start
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

start

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of starten
  2. imperative of starten

GermanEdit

VerbEdit

start

  1. singular imperative of starten

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English start.

NounEdit

start m (definite singular starten, indefinite plural starter, definite plural startene)

  1. a start
    fra start til målfrom start to finish
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

start

  1. imperative of starte

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

start m (definite singular starten, indefinite plural startar, definite plural startane)

  1. a start (beginning)

VerbEdit

start

  1. imperative of starta

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

start m inan

  1. (sports) start (the beginning of a race)
  2. (aviation) takeoff
    Z niecierpliwością czekałam na start samolotu do Paryża.
    I was impatiently waiting for the plane to Paris to take off/for its take-off.
  3. participation
    Większość kibiców ucieszyła się, że zdecydował się on na start w zawodach.
    Most fans were happy to hear that he had decided to take part in the competition.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • start in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • start in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

start c

  1. a start; a beginning (of a race)
  2. the starting (of an engine)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of start 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative start starten starter starterna
Genitive starts startens starters starternas

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English start.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [staɾt]
  • Hyphenation: start

NounEdit

start (definite accusative startı, plural startlar)

  1. start

Usage notesEdit

As Turks are generally not easily spelling consonants at the beginning of a syllable, this word may often be spelled as [sɯtaɾt].

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative start
Definite accusative startı
Singular Plural
Nominative start startlar
Definite accusative startı startları
Dative starta startlara
Locative startta startlarda
Ablative starttan startlardan
Genitive startın startların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular startım startlarım
2nd singular startın startların
3rd singular startı startları
1st plural startımız startlarımız
2nd plural startınız startlarınız
3rd plural startları startları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular startımı startlarımı
2nd singular startını startlarını
3rd singular startını startlarını
1st plural startımızı startlarımızı
2nd plural startınızı startlarınızı
3rd plural startlarını startlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular startıma startlarıma
2nd singular startına startlarına
3rd singular startına startlarına
1st plural startımıza startlarımıza
2nd plural startınıza startlarınıza
3rd plural startlarına startlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular startımda startlarımda
2nd singular startında startlarında
3rd singular startında startlarında
1st plural startımızda startlarımızda
2nd plural startınızda startlarınızda
3rd plural startlarında startlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular startımdan startlarımdan
2nd singular startından startlarından
3rd singular startından startlarından
1st plural startımızdan startlarımızdan
2nd plural startınızdan startlarınızdan
3rd plural startlarından startlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular startımın startlarımın
2nd singular startının startlarının
3rd singular startının startlarının
1st plural startımızın startlarımızın
2nd plural startınızın startlarınızın
3rd plural startlarının startlarının

AntonymsEdit