- Obsolete form of .
- 1889, Jules Verne, Virginia Champlin, transl., The Adventures of a Chinaman in China, Lee and Shepard, page 16:
- His father, Tchoung-Heou, was living at Pekin when he was born ; and he was six years old when the former settled at Shang-hai.
- 1952, Leonard M. Outerbridge, The Lost Churches of China, Philadelphia: Westminster Press, pages 38-39:
- Wylie personally examined the monument in Sian-fu and published a translation of the inscription in Shang-hai in 1854.
Shanghai — see Shanghai