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Alternative formsEdit


From the first letter of the second-person plural pronoun in Romance languages; ultimately from Latin vos.


V-form (plural V-forms)

  1. (linguistics) A second-person pronoun used in formal situations, to address unfamiliar people and superiors.
    • 2002, The Bible Translator:
      In the Erzin dialect, children address their parents with the V-form; to use the T-form would show a lack of respect for parents.
    • 2003, Irma Taavitsainen, ‎Andreas H. Jucker (editors), Diachronic Perspectives on Address Term Systems:
      But cross-linguistically one finds that plural pronouns are predominant for the V-form. Again, there may well be a universal here that a plural address implies respect and that the singular pronoun implies a personal, i.e. intimate type of address.
    • 2012, Marcel Bax, ‎Dániel Z. Kádár, Understanding Historical (Im)Politeness:
      Typically, the informal pronominal address term (T-form) is the original second-person pronoun (Latin tu; Germanic du) and the polite or formal V-form is a plural form.
    • 2014, Challenging the Monolingual Mindset:
      ... in March 2010 Ikea's Swiss website in German, French and Italian used the V-form except when addressing prospective job applicants.


  • (formal second-person pronoun): T-form