See also: Achtel

English

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Noun

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achtel (plural achtels)

  1. (historical) An old German measure of capacity.
    Synonym: achteling

Kashubian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Achtel. Compare Polish achtel.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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achtel m inan (diminutive achtelk, related adjective achtlowi)

  1. (historical) one-eighth of a barrel
    Synonym: anczer

Declension

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Further reading

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  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “baryla”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[1]
  • achtel”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Old Polish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle High German ahteteil. First attested in 1393.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /axtɛ(ː)lʲ/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /axtɛlʲ/, /axtelʲ/

Noun

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achtel m animacy unattested

  1. one-eighth; especially of a barrel
    • 1856-1870 [1441], Antoni Zygmunt Helcel, editor, Starodawne Prawa Polskiego Pomniki[2], volume II, number 2978:
      W tem mi wsąl dwa achtela pywa
      [Wtem mi wziął dwa achtela piwa]

Derived terms

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noun

Descendants

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  • Polish: achtel, jachtel (Middle Polish)
  • Silesian: achtel

References

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Polish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish achtel. Compare Kashubian achtel.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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achtel m inan (diminutive (obsolete) achtelek, related adjective (obsolete) achtelowy)

  1. (dated) one-eighth (especially of a barrel)
  2. (dated) small cask or barrel
    achtel piwacask of beer
  3. (Warmia) large beer barrel
  4. (Warmia) wooden butter dish; amount such a dish can hold

Declension

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noun

Further reading

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  • achtel in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “achtel”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • Krystyna Siekierska (26.03.2020) “ACHTEL”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) Słownik języka polskiego, volume 1, page 4
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “achtel”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “achtel”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 6
  • {{R:zlw-mas:SgOWiM|+|

Silesian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish achtel.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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achtel m inan (diminutive achtelek or achtelik)

  1. korzec; barrel (dry measure of 125 liters)
  2. one-eighth of a hectolitre or of a hundredweight of something, typically a barrel
  3. old large barrel
  4. wooden tank for water or slurry
  5. (archaic) achtel (German measure of capacity)

Further reading

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  • Barbara Podgórska, Adam Podgóski (2008) “achtel”, in Słownik gwar śląskich [A dictionary of Silesian lects], Katowice: Wydawnictwo KOS, →ISBN, page 23
  • Bogdan Kallus (2020) “achtel (1-2)”, in Słownik Gōrnoślōnskij Gŏdki, IV edition, Chorzów: Pro Loquela Silesiana, →ISBN, page 228
  • Aleksandra Wencel (2023) “achtel”, in Dykcjůnôrz ślų̊sko-polski, page 7