FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *ahtas, borrowed from Proto-Baltic *anśtas.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑhdɑs/, [ˈɑxdɑs̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑhdɑs
  • Hyphenation: ah‧das

AdjectiveEdit

ahdas (comparative ahtaampi, superlative ahtain)

  1. tight, narrow (such that it is difficult for something or someone to pass through it; fitting too close to the body)
    Kulkutie oli niin ahdas, että pääsimme hädin tuskin läpi.
    The passageway was so tight we could barely get through.
    ahdas takkia tight coat
  2. narrow (of little extent)
  3. (figuratively) narrow, restrictive (of limited scope, bigoted)
    ahdas tulkintaa narrow interpretation
    ahdas näkökulmaa narrow view
  4. cramped (overcrowded or congested)
  5. cramped (uncomfortably restricted in size)
    Viisihenkinen perhe eli yhdessä ahtaassa huoneessa.
    A family of five lived in one cramped room.
  6. cramped (uncomfortably restricted financially)
    Olen ollut aika ahtaalla viime aikoina.
    I have been quite cramped lately.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of ahdas (Kotus type 41/vieras, t-d gradation)
nominative ahdas ahtaat
genitive ahtaan ahtaiden
ahtaitten
partitive ahdasta ahtaita
illative ahtaaseen ahtaisiin
singular plural
nominative ahdas ahtaat
accusative nom. ahdas ahtaat
gen. ahtaan
genitive ahtaan ahtaiden
ahtaitten
partitive ahdasta ahtaita
inessive ahtaassa ahtaissa
elative ahtaasta ahtaista
illative ahtaaseen ahtaisiin
ahtaihinrare
adessive ahtaalla ahtailla
ablative ahtaalta ahtailta
allative ahtaalle ahtaille
essive ahtaana ahtaina
translative ahtaaksi ahtaiksi
instructive ahtain
abessive ahtaatta ahtaitta
comitative ahtaine
Possessive forms of ahdas (type vieras)
possessor singular plural
1st person ahtaani ahtaamme
2nd person ahtaasi ahtaanne
3rd person ahtaansa
Only used with substantive adjectives, -inen adjectives used for comparisons of equality or agent participles.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

VerbEdit

ahdas

  1. Second-person singular imperative present form of ahtaa + the suffix -s.