See also: amìg and amig'

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

az +‎ míg[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒmiːɡ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: amíg
  • Rhymes: -iːɡ

Adverb edit


  1. as long as, while
    Synonyms: ameddig, míg
  2. (chiefly in the negative) until, till
    Synonyms: ameddig, míg
    Boldogan éltek, amíg meg nem haltak.They lived happily ever after. (literally, “…(up) until they [“not”] died.”)

Usage notes edit

Both of these translations may be correct depending on whether the verb that follows is negated.

Amíg is actually equivalent to the opposite of until in the same way that unless is the opposite of if. It specifies a case in which the statement of the main clause is not valid or the time period during which the event of the main clause persisted:

Addig sétáltunk, amíg világos volt. (no negation)We walked as long as it was light.
Addig sétáltunk, amíg sötét nem lett.We walked until it got dark.
Amíg nem csinálod meg a házi feladatodat, addig nem játszhatsz.You can’t play until you’re done with your homework.
Zenét hallgattam, amíg a metrón ültem. (no negation)I was listening to music while I was on the subway.

Sentences should be translated using the pronoun or wording that matches the intent of the speaker: amíg … nem/nincs is similar to until and amíg is similar to while.

Derived terms edit


References edit

  1. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • amíg in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • amíg in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)