LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi, *h₁opi[1]

PrefixEdit

ap-

  1. Usually found on verbs (and their derived nouns or adjectives) with the meaning 'around' or 'about' (like German um- or Russian об- (ob-)).

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “apie”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 58

LithuanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi, *h₁opi[1]

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

ap-

  1. (with verbs or verbal nouns)
    1. Movement around something; circum-
    2. Action takes on many objects
    3. Action sets something/someone apart from others
    4. Smallness of an action
    5. Outdoing, defeat or the conquer over someone/something
    6. Unsuccessful result of an action
    7. Significance of the end of an action
  2. (with nouns)
    1. Abstract concepts connected to some action
    2. Place/thing around something
    3. Approximate/estimated time
    4. Person with a small/unimpressive amount of some quality
  3. (with adjectives)
    1. Possession of qualities connected with orientation or demeanor
    2. In some dialects, describes the possession of incomplete qualities
  4. (with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions) Various meanings, generally specific to the nature of the word in question, can be derived

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “apie”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 58