See also: Arctos



Ancient Greek ἄρκτος (árktos, bear)



  1. A species name descriptor.
    1. A descriptor related to bears, for bears and bear-like species
      1. Ellipsis of Ursus arctos (brown bear)
    2. A descriptor for species related to the northern polar region, from association with Ursa Major, Ursa Minor and its Polaris (the North Star).
      1. Ellipsis of Canis lupus arctos (Arctic wolf)

See alsoEdit

  • arcticus (a Latin word for the arctic, also derived from the Bear constellations)
  • ἀρκτικός (arktikós) (a Greek word for the northern polar lands, derived from the Bear constellations)




  1. accusative masculine plural of arctus


  • arctos in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • arctos in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • arctos in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • arctos in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers