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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos (bear). Cognates include Latin ursus, Sanskrit ऋक्ष (ṛ́kṣa) and Old Armenian արջ (arǰ). The meaning of “north” derives from Ἄρκτος (Árktos, Ursa Major), because the constellation is in the northern part of the sky.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /árk.tos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈark.tos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈark.tos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈark.tos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈark.tos/
  • NounEdit

    ᾰ̓́ρκτος (árktosf (genitive ᾰ̓́ρκτου); second declension

    1. bear
    2. the north

    InflectionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit