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Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Metathesis of earlier *brænnan, from Proto-Germanic *brannijaną, causative of *brinnaną (OE birnan). Cognate with Old Frisian berna, Old Saxon brennian, Old Dutch brennen, Old High German brennen, Old Norse brenna, Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌰𐌽𐌽𐌾𐌰𐌽 (brannjan).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbær.nɑn/, [ˈbærˠ.nɑn]

VerbEdit

bærnan

  1. (West Saxon) (transitive) to burn
    • late 10th c., Ælfric of Eynsham, "The Passion of St. Bartholomew the Apostle"
      Se lǣċe ċierfþ oþþe bærnþ, and se untruma hrīemþ, þēah hwæðre ne miltsaþ hē þæs ōðres wānunge, for þon þe ġif se lǣċe ġeswīcþ his cræftes, þonne losaþ se forwunoda.
      The surgeon cuts or burns, and the patient screams, yet the surgeon doesn't give in to the patient's cries, because if he lets up from his task, the patient will die.

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: brennen