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bog myrtle (Myrica gale) a species of bayberry (Myricaceae)
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From bay +‎ berry.


bayberry (plural bayberries)

  1. The fruit of the bay laurel (Laurus nobilis).
    • 1665, Robert Hooke, Micrographica, XLIII:
      [T]heir shape was much like a Figg, but very much smaller, some being about the bigness of a Bay-berry, others, and the biggest, of a Hazel-Nut.
  2. (Canada, US) The fruit of the wax myrtle shrub; or the plant itself (Morella cerifera), with aromatic leather leaves and waxy berries.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
    1. Other species in the family Myricaceae, especially in genus Myrica; bay-rum tree, candleberry.
      • 2002, James Fralish and Scott Franklin, Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests[1], Myricaceae (Bayberry or Wax-Myrtle Family), page 230:
        The two North American genera are Myrica (bayberry) and Comptonia (sweet-fern).
  3. West Indian bay tree (Pimenta racemosa), a tropical American shrub with aromatic leaves that are used in the preparation of bay rum.


Derived termsEdit