Calque of French danse du ventre, equivalent to belly + dance. First attested in English in 1889, in an article about that year's Exposition Universelle in Paris in the November 22 edition of the Yorkshire Factory Times: "A café in the Rue du Caire attracted 2,000 spectators daily to see the ‘belly dance’, and realised a total of 400,000 francs." Early sources also used the French term danse du ventre as-is.
- A form of dance originating in the Middle East and characterized by movements of the torso.
- To perform a belly dance.
- Hawthorn, Ainsley (May 2019). "Middle Eastern Dance and What We Call It." Dance Research 37 (1): 1-17.
- Hawthorn, Ainsley (May 23, 2019). "Why do we call Middle Eastern dance 'belly dance'?" Edinburgh University Press Blog.
- Morocco (C. Varga Dinicu) (2011). "What's in a Name? More Than You Imagine...." You Asked Aunt Rocky: Answers & Advice About Raqs Sharqi & Raqs Shaabi. Virginia Beach: RDI Publications, 319-350.
- Osweiler, Laura (Amara) (2006). "Naming the Dance." Zaghareet Magazine.
- Shira. "Belly Dance: A Dance By Any Other Name." Shira.net.