Old Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *kʷenssāti, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷendʰ- (to suffer). Cognate with Ancient Greek πάσχω (páskhō) and πάθος (páthos).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

césaid (verbal noun céssad)

  1. to suffer, to endure
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 25a10
      Níp imned libsi mo fochidi-se, ꝉ cia chéste ar iriss Críst.
      May my sufferings not be tribulation for you pl, or although you may suffer for Christ’s faith

Inflection edit

Descendants edit

  • Irish: céas
  • Scottish Gaelic: ceus

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
césaid chésaid césaid
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit