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Alternative formsEdit


From Middle English enduren, borrowed from Old French endurer, from Latin indūrō (to make hard). Displaced Old English drēogan, which survives dialectally as dree.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪnˈdjʊə̯(ɹ)/, /ɪnˈdjɔː(ɹ)/, /ɪnˈd͡ʒʊə̯(ɹ)/, /ɪnˈd͡ʒɔː(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪnˈd(j)ʊɹ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊə(r)


endure (third-person singular simple present endures, present participle enduring, simple past and past participle endured)

  1. (intransitive) To continue or carry on, despite obstacles or hardships.
    The singer's popularity endured for decades.
  2. (transitive) To tolerate or put up with something unpleasant.
  3. (intransitive) To last.
    Our love will endure forever.
    • Bible, Job viii. 15
      He shall hold it [his house] fast, but it shall not endure.
  4. To remain firm, as under trial or suffering; to suffer patiently or without yielding; to bear up under adversity; to hold out.
    • Bible, Ezekiel xxii. 14
      Can thine heart endure, or can thine hands be strong in the days that I shall deal with thee?
  5. (transitive) To suffer patiently.
    He endured years of pain.
    • 2011 April 11, Phil McNulty, “Liverpool 3 - 0 Man City”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Dirk Kuyt sandwiched a goal in between Carroll's double as City endured a night of total misery, with captain Carlos Tevez limping off early on with a hamstring strain that puts a serious question mark over his participation in Saturday's FA Cup semi-final against Manchester United at Wembley.
  6. (obsolete) To indurate.


Related termsEdit