- Given to or marked by an ill-tempered nature; ill-tempered, cranky, surly, crabby.
- 1839, “The youth of Julia Howard”, in Fraser's magazine for town and country, volume 20, page 618:
- "She is a cantankerous old maid," added another, whom I recognised, by his voice, as a man whose attentions I had put a determined check to not six weeks before: "she is a cantankerous old maid, fretting and snarling over the loss of her beauty."
- 1998, Pauline Chazan, The moral self, page 80:
- By contrast, cantankerous and churlish people are contemptuously independent of others’ opinions, not caring enough about others and their views.
- 2007, Linda Francis Lee, The Devil in the Junior League, page 44:
- Nina was thrilled, muttering her cantankerous joy that I was getting out of the house.
Note: Cantankerous is generally used to describe an unpleasant elderly person in a slightly pejorative manner. However, the term can be used to people in general, livestock, and machinery as well.
ill-tempered, cranky, surly, crabby