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See also: Chengyu and chéngyǔ



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From Chinese Mandarin 成語成语 (chéngyǔ).


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chengyu (plural chengyu)

  1. (linguistics) A certain kind of Chinese set phrase originating in Classical Chinese, typically four characters in length, and often with a story behind it.

For example:

  • 自相矛盾 (zìxiāngmáodùn): means ‘to contradict yourself’. "Translated as ‘to contradict yourself’ the first two characters, 自相 (zìxiāng), mean ‘self’ whilst 矛盾 (máodùn) literally mean ‘spear’ and ‘shield’ respectively. This Chinese expression comes from an old Chinese story where a man selling swords and shields at a market claimed first that his spears were so sharp that they could pierce through any armor. He then claimed that his shields were so strong they could resist any blow, thus contradicting himself. From that story ‘spear and shield’ has become synonymous for contradiction"[1].