Chinese

See also: chinese

EnglishEdit

Min Nan edition of Wiktionary

EtymologyEdit

From China +‎ -ese. Doublet of chinois.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) enPR: chī-nēzʹ, IPA(key): /t͡ʃaɪˈniːz/; (sometimes) enPR: chīʹnēz, IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪniːz/
  • (US) enPR: chī'nēzʹ, IPA(key): /ˌt͡ʃaɪˈniz/; (sometimes) enPR: chīʹnēz', IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪˌniz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːz

Proper nounEdit

Chinese

  1. (uncountable) Any of several Sinitic languages spoken in China, especially Literary Chinese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, or Min Nan.
    Peter is from Hong Kong and speaks Chinese.
  2. (uncountable) The class of Sino-Tibetan dialects including Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese, Min Nan and others.
    Wu and Hakka are lesser-known varieties of Chinese.
  3. (uncountable) The logographic writing system shared by this language family.
    Hong Kong uses traditional Chinese.
  4. (uncountable) Standard Mandarin or Putonghua, the standard variety of Chinese.
    Nǐ hǎo” means “hello” in Chinese.
  5. (uncountable, collective) The people of China.
    The Chinese have an incredible history.
    • 1900, Jared Sparks, ‎Edward Everett, ‎Henry Cabot Lodge, The North American Review, volume 171, page 390:
      If the Chinese were a people like the Russians, the Germans or the French, we (I address chiefly American and British readers) would observe any marked increase in their industrial activity or in their national aggressiveness with some misgiving, possibly, but []
    • 1934, Chinese Affairs, volume 65, page 23:
      I have given these points to make it clear that the Chinese are a people of strong emotion; and that this emotion is highest and purest when running in the channels of filial piety and loyalty.
    • 2002, Sino-American Relations, volume 28, page 60:
      After Pearl Harbor, American sympathy for the Chinese grew even stronger, for the Chinese were a people who had long been bravely resisting Japanese aggressors.
    • 2019 September 30, Jiang Jiang, “I am proud of my country”, in Times of Malta:
      China is a country with a 5,000 year uninterrupted civilisation, and the Chinese are a people that keep moving forward amid trials and tribulations.
  6. (uncountable, collective) All people of Chinese descent or self-identity
    The Chinese are present in all parts of the world.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Chinese (countable and uncountable, plural Chinese or Chineses)

  1. (countable) A person from China or of Chinese descent.
    • 1999, Lydia Laube, Bound for Vietnam[1], →ISBN, page 24:
      But I had the unmitigated pleasure of watching a family of four Chinese struggle to use knives and forks to [eat] their bacon and eggs.
  2. (Britain, Canada, US, Australia, uncountable, informal) Chinese food or cuisine.
    • 1958, A.G. Yates, The Cold Dark Hours, Sydney: Horwitz, published 1963, page 73:
      "Do you like to eat Chinese?
    Please don't eat the Chinese: I'm saving it for later.
  3. (Britain, countable, informal) A Chinese meal.
    We're going out tonight for a Chinese.

Usage notesEdit

As with other nationalities formed with -ese, the countable singular noun in reference to a person (as in "I am a Chinese", "writing about Chinese cuisine as a Chinese") is uncommon and often taken as incorrect. In its place, the adjective is used, by itself (as in "I am Chinese") or with a word like person, man, or woman ("writing about Chinese cuisine as a Chinese person"). However, it is rather frequent in East Asia as a translation for the demonym written 中國人中国人 (zhōngguórén) in Chinese or 中国人 (chūgokujin) in Japanese.

SynonymsEdit

  • (Chinese person): Han (ethnic Chinese regardless of the residence), Chinaman (properly of a man only, now usually considered an offensive slur); Chinee (archaic, offensive); chink (offensive slur); Sinese (rare, historical)

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

Chinese (not generally comparable, comparative more Chinese, superlative most Chinese)

  1. Of China, its languages or people
    • 1928, Otto Jespersen, An International Language, page 82
      The construction of a verbal system which is fairly regular and at the same time based on existing languages is a most difficult task, because in no other domain of the grammar do languages retain a greater number of ancient irregularities and differ more fundamentally from one another. Still an attempt will be made here to conciliate the two points of view and to bring about something which resembles the simple Chinese grammar without, however, losing its European character or the power of expressing nuances to which we are accustomed in our own languages.
    • 1980 November 30, “Communist China's 'Pin Yin' system causes confusion among foreigners”, in Free China Weekly[2], volume XXI, number 47, Taipei, page 1:
      In this instance, when the Chairman of the "Accuracy in Media" spoke out strongly against the Chinese Communist system of "pin yin" spelling, he was not criticizing any bias or unreliability of news presentation but specifically the inconvenience and confusion caused by the "pin yin" spelling of Chinese names.
  2. Exotic; unfamiliar; unexpected; used in phrases such as Chinese whispers, Chinese handcuffs, and Chinese checkers.
  3. (film, television) Denoting a horizontal orientation of the barn doors.
    Coordinate term: English

SynonymsEdit

  • (of China, its language or people): Sinic, Sino- (prefix)

TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Chinees +‎ -e.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Chinese f (plural Chinesen, masculine Chinees)

  1. woman from China

Related termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Chinese

  1. Inflected form of Chinees

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

China +‎ -ese

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /çiˈneːzə/, /ʃiˈneːzə/
  • (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland) IPA(key): /kiˈneːzə/
    • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧ne‧se

NounEdit

Chinese m (genitive Chinesen, plural Chinesen)

  1. person from China

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit