Open main menu

Old FrenchEdit


From Latin cognōscere, present active infinitive of cognōscō (probably through a Vulgar Latin *connōscere).



  1. to know
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      Ke charnelment od li ne jut,
      Ne charnelment ne la conut
      The physically he didn't lie with her
      And physically, he didn't know her
  2. to recognize


This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb ends in a palatal stem, so there is an extra i before the e of some endings. This verb has irregularities in its conjugation. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related termsEdit



  • “Appendix E: Irregular Verbs” in E. Einhorn (1974), Old French: A Concise Handbook, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 151