Old IrishEdit


From Proto-Celtic *kridyom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.



cride n (genitive cridi, nominative plural cride)

  1. heart
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 7d10
      ɔrop inonn cretem bes hi far cridiu et a n-as·beraid hó bélib
      so that the belief which is in your pl heart and what you utter with [your] lips may be the same


Neuter io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cride crideL crideL
Vocative cridi crideL crideL
Accusative cride crideL crideL
Genitive cridiL crideL crideN
Dative cridiuL cridib cridib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization


  • Irish: croí
  • Manx: cree
  • Scottish Gaelic: cridhe


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cride chride cride
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit