Latin edit

Etymology edit

From cupiō +‎ -idus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

cupidus (feminine cupida, neuter cupidum, comparative cupidior, superlative cupidissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. eager, desirous, passionate, fond (+ genitive or + in ablative)
    Synonyms: dēsīderōsus, impiger, studiōsus, sēdulus, ācer, libēns, intentus, aspīrāns
    pacis cupiduspeace lover
  2. greedy, covetous
  3. wanton, lecherous
  4. partial, biased, favoring

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative cupidus cupida cupidum cupidī cupidae cupida
Genitive cupidī cupidae cupidī cupidōrum cupidārum cupidōrum
Dative cupidō cupidō cupidīs
Accusative cupidum cupidam cupidum cupidōs cupidās cupida
Ablative cupidō cupidā cupidō cupidīs
Vocative cupide cupida cupidum cupidī cupidae cupida

Descendants edit

  • Old Catalan: cobeu
  • Old Occitan: cobe coubés
  • French: cupide
  • Welsh: cybydd

References edit

Further reading edit

  • cupidus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cupidus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus
    • revolutionists: homines seditiosi, turbulenti or novarum rerum cupidi
    • to hold revolutionary opinions: novarum rerum cupidum esse