Northern NdebeleEdit

VerbEdit

-dábula

  1. to tear

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived from the ideophone dabu.

VerbEdit

-dabula

  1. (transitive) to tear
  2. (transitive) to split, to cleave

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukudabula
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukudabula ukungadabuli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular dabula -dabule
Plural dabulani -dabuleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyadabula, ngidabula engidabulayo, engidabula ngidabula angidabuli engingadabuli ngingadabuli
2nd singular uyadabula, udabula odabulayo, odabula udabula awudabuli ongadabuli ungadabuli
1st plural siyadabula, sidabula esidabulayo, esidabula sidabula asidabuli esingadabuli singadabuli
2nd plural niyadabula, nidabula enidabulayo, enidabula nidabula anidabuli eningadabuli ningadabuli
Class 1 uyadabula, udabula odabulayo, odabula edabula akadabuli ongadabuli engadabuli
Class 2 bayadabula, badabula abadabulayo, abadabula bedabula abadabuli abangadabuli bengadabuli
Class 3 uyadabula, udabula odabulayo, odabula udabula awudabuli ongadabuli ungadabuli
Class 4 iyadabula, idabula edabulayo, edabula idabula ayidabuli engadabuli ingadabuli
Class 5 liyadabula, lidabula elidabulayo, elidabula lidabula alidabuli elingadabuli lingadabuli
Class 6 ayadabula, adabula adabulayo, adabula edabula awadabuli angadabuli engadabuli
Class 7 siyadabula, sidabula esidabulayo, esidabula sidabula asidabuli esingadabuli singadabuli
Class 8 ziyadabula, zidabula ezidabulayo, ezidabula zidabula azidabuli ezingadabuli zingadabuli
Class 9 iyadabula, idabula edabulayo, edabula idabula ayidabuli engadabuli ingadabuli
Class 10 ziyadabula, zidabula ezidabulayo, ezidabula zidabula azidabuli ezingadabuli zingadabuli
Class 11 luyadabula, ludabula oludabulayo, oludabula ludabula aludabuli olungadabuli lungadabuli
Class 14 buyadabula, budabula obudabulayo, obudabula budabula abudabuli obungadabuli bungadabuli
Class 15 kuyadabula, kudabula okudabulayo, okudabula kudabula akudabuli okungadabuli kungadabuli
Class 17 kuyadabula, kudabula okudabulayo, okudabula kudabula akudabuli okungadabuli kungadabuli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngidabulile, ngidabulē engidabulile, engidabulē ngidabulile, ngidabulē angidabulanga engingadabulanga ngingadabulanga
2nd singular udabulile, udabulē odabulile, odabulē udabulile, udabulē awudabulanga ongadabulanga ungadabulanga
1st plural sidabulile, sidabulē esidabulile, esidabulē sidabulile, sidabulē asidabulanga esingadabulanga singadabulanga
2nd plural nidabulile, nidabulē enidabulile, enidabulē nidabulile, nidabulē anidabulanga eningadabulanga ningadabulanga
Class 1 udabulile, udabulē odabulile, odabulē edabulile, edabulē akadabulanga ongadabulanga engadabulanga
Class 2 badabulile, badabulē abadabulile, abadabulē bedabulile, bedabulē abadabulanga abangadabulanga bengadabulanga
Class 3 udabulile, udabulē odabulile, odabulē udabulile, udabulē awudabulanga ongadabulanga ungadabulanga
Class 4 idabulile, idabulē edabulile, edabulē idabulile, idabulē ayidabulanga engadabulanga ingadabulanga
Class 5 lidabulile, lidabulē elidabulile, elidabulē lidabulile, lidabulē alidabulanga elingadabulanga lingadabulanga
Class 6 adabulile, adabulē adabulile, adabulē edabulile, edabulē awadabulanga angadabulanga engadabulanga
Class 7 sidabulile, sidabulē esidabulile, esidabulē sidabulile, sidabulē asidabulanga esingadabulanga singadabulanga
Class 8 zidabulile, zidabulē ezidabulile, ezidabulē zidabulile, zidabulē azidabulanga ezingadabulanga zingadabulanga
Class 9 idabulile, idabulē edabulile, edabulē idabulile, idabulē ayidabulanga engadabulanga ingadabulanga
Class 10 zidabulile, zidabulē ezidabulile, ezidabulē zidabulile, zidabulē azidabulanga ezingadabulanga zingadabulanga
Class 11 ludabulile, ludabulē oludabulile, oludabulē ludabulile, ludabulē aludabulanga olungadabulanga lungadabulanga
Class 14 budabulile, budabulē obudabulile, obudabulē budabulile, budabulē abudabulanga obungadabulanga bungadabulanga
Class 15 kudabulile, kudabulē okudabulile, okudabulē kudabulile, kudabulē akudabulanga okungadabulanga kungadabulanga
Class 17 kudabulile, kudabulē okudabulile, okudabulē kudabulile, kudabulē akudabulanga okungadabulanga kungadabulanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngādabula engādabula ngādabula angidabulanga engingadabulanga ngingadabulanga
2nd singular wādabula owādabula wādabula awudabulanga ongadabulanga ungadabulanga
1st plural sādabula esādabula sādabula asidabulanga esingadabulanga singadabulanga
2nd plural nādabula enādabula nādabula anidabulanga eningadabulanga ningadabulanga
Class 1 wādabula owādabula ādabula akadabulanga ongadabulanga engadabulanga
Class 2 bādabula abādabula bādabula abadabulanga abangadabulanga bengadabulanga
Class 3 wādabula owādabula wādabula awudabulanga ongadabulanga ungadabulanga
Class 4 yādabula eyādabula yādabula ayidabulanga engadabulanga ingadabulanga
Class 5 lādabula elādabula lādabula alidabulanga elingadabulanga lingadabulanga
Class 6 ādabula ādabula ādabula awadabulanga angadabulanga engadabulanga
Class 7 sādabula esādabula sādabula asidabulanga esingadabulanga singadabulanga
Class 8 zādabula ezādabula zādabula azidabulanga ezingadabulanga zingadabulanga
Class 9 yādabula eyādabula yādabula ayidabulanga engadabulanga ingadabulanga
Class 10 zādabula ezādabula zādabula azidabulanga ezingadabulanga zingadabulanga
Class 11 lwādabula olwādabula lwādabula aludabulanga olungadabulanga lungadabulanga
Class 14 bādabula obādabula bādabula abudabulanga obungadabulanga bungadabulanga
Class 15 kwādabula okwādabula kwādabula akudabulanga okungadabulanga kungadabulanga
Class 17 kwādabula okwādabula kwādabula akudabulanga okungadabulanga kungadabulanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingadabula ngingadabula ngingedabule ngingedabule
2nd singular ungadabula ungadabula ungedabule ungedabule
1st plural singadabula singadabula singedabule singedabule
2nd plural ningadabula ningadabula ningedabule ningedabule
Class 1 angadabula engadabula angedabule engedabule
Class 2 bangadabula bengadabula bangedabule bengedabule
Class 3 ungadabula ungadabula ungedabule ungedabule
Class 4 ingadabula ingadabula ingedabule ingedabule
Class 5 lingadabula lingadabula lingedabule lingedabule
Class 6 angadabula engadabula angedabule engedabule
Class 7 singadabula singadabula singedabule singedabule
Class 8 zingadabula zingadabula zingedabule zingedabule
Class 9 ingadabula ingadabula ingedabule ingedabule
Class 10 zingadabula zingadabula zingedabule zingedabule
Class 11 lungadabula lungadabula lungedabule lungedabule
Class 14 bungadabula bungadabula bungedabule bungedabule
Class 15 kungadabula kungadabula kungedabule kungedabule
Class 17 kungadabula kungadabula kungedabule kungedabule
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizodabula engizodabula ngizodabula angizudabula engingezudabula ngingezudabula
2nd singular uzodabula ozodabula uzodabula awuzudabula ongezudabula ungezudabula
1st plural sizodabula esizodabula sizodabula asizudabula esingezudabula singezudabula
2nd plural nizodabula enizodabula nizodabula anizudabula eningezudabula ningezudabula
Class 1 uzodabula ozodabula ezodabula akazudabula ongezudabula engezudabula
Class 2 bazodabula abazodabula bezodabula abazudabula abangezudabula bengezudabula
Class 3 uzodabula ozodabula uzodabula awuzudabula ongezudabula ungezudabula
Class 4 izodabula ezodabula izodabula ayizudabula engezudabula ingezudabula
Class 5 lizodabula elizodabula lizodabula alizudabula elingezudabula lingezudabula
Class 6 azodabula azodabula ezodabula awazudabula angezudabula engezudabula
Class 7 sizodabula esizodabula sizodabula asizudabula esingezudabula singezudabula
Class 8 zizodabula ezizodabula zizodabula azizudabula ezingezudabula zingezudabula
Class 9 izodabula ezodabula izodabula ayizudabula engezudabula ingezudabula
Class 10 zizodabula ezizodabula zizodabula azizudabula ezingezudabula zingezudabula
Class 11 luzodabula oluzodabula luzodabula aluzudabula olungezudabula lungezudabula
Class 14 buzodabula obuzodabula buzodabula abuzudabula obungezudabula bungezudabula
Class 15 kuzodabula okuzodabula kuzodabula akuzudabula okungezudabula kungezudabula
Class 17 kuzodabula okuzodabula kuzodabula akuzudabula okungezudabula kungezudabula
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyodabula engiyodabula ngiyodabula angiyudabula engingeyudabula ngingeyudabula
2nd singular uyodabula oyodabula uyodabula awuyudabula ongeyudabula ungeyudabula
1st plural siyodabula esiyodabula siyodabula asiyudabula esingeyudabula singeyudabula
2nd plural niyodabula eniyodabula niyodabula aniyudabula eningeyudabula ningeyudabula
Class 1 uyodabula oyodabula eyodabula akayudabula ongeyudabula engeyudabula
Class 2 bayodabula abayodabula beyodabula abayudabula abangeyudabula bengeyudabula
Class 3 uyodabula oyodabula uyodabula awuyudabula ongeyudabula ungeyudabula
Class 4 iyodabula eyodabula iyodabula ayiyudabula engeyudabula ingeyudabula
Class 5 liyodabula eliyodabula liyodabula aliyudabula elingeyudabula lingeyudabula
Class 6 ayodabula ayodabula eyodabula awayudabula angeyudabula engeyudabula
Class 7 siyodabula esiyodabula siyodabula asiyudabula esingeyudabula singeyudabula
Class 8 ziyodabula eziyodabula ziyodabula aziyudabula ezingeyudabula zingeyudabula
Class 9 iyodabula eyodabula iyodabula ayiyudabula engeyudabula ingeyudabula
Class 10 ziyodabula eziyodabula ziyodabula aziyudabula ezingeyudabula zingeyudabula
Class 11 luyodabula oluyodabula luyodabula aluyudabula olungeyudabula lungeyudabula
Class 14 buyodabula obuyodabula buyodabula abuyudabula obungeyudabula bungeyudabula
Class 15 kuyodabula okuyodabula kuyodabula akuyudabula okungeyudabula kungeyudabula
Class 17 kuyodabula okuyodabula kuyodabula akuyudabula okungeyudabula kungeyudabula
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngidabule ngingadabuli
2nd singular udabule ungadabuli
1st plural sidabule singadabuli
2nd plural nidabule ningadabuli
Class 1 adabule angadabuli
Class 2 badabule bangadabuli
Class 3 udabule ungadabuli
Class 4 idabule ingadabuli
Class 5 lidabule lingadabuli
Class 6 adabule angadabuli
Class 7 sidabule singadabuli
Class 8 zidabule zingadabuli
Class 9 idabule ingadabuli
Class 10 zidabule zingadabuli
Class 11 ludabule lungadabuli
Class 14 budabule bungadabuli
Class 15 kudabule kungadabuli
Class 17 kudabule kungadabuli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngadabula ngangadabula, angadabula, angangadabula
2nd singular wadabula wangadabula, awadabula, awangadabula
1st plural sadabula sangadabula, asadabula, asangadabula
2nd plural nadabula nangadabula, anadabula, anangadabula
Class 1 wadabula wangadabula, akadabula, akangadabula
Class 2 badabula bangadabula, abadabula, abangadabula
Class 3 wadabula wangadabula, awadabula, awangadabula
Class 4 yadabula yangadabula, ayadabula, ayangadabula
Class 5 ladabula langadabula, aladabula, alangadabula
Class 6 adabula angadabula, awadabula, awangadabula
Class 7 sadabula sangadabula, asadabula, asangadabula
Class 8 zadabula zangadabula, azadabula, azangadabula
Class 9 yadabula yangadabula, ayadabula, ayangadabula
Class 10 zadabula zangadabula, azadabula, azangadabula
Class 11 lwadabula lwangadabula, alwadabula, alwangadabula
Class 14 badabula bangadabula, abadabula, abangadabula
Class 15 kwadabula kwangadabula, akwadabula, akwangadabula
Class 17 kwadabula kwangadabula, akwadabula, akwangadabula

ReferencesEdit