Etymology 1 Edit
Middle English , from the cleven strong verb Old English ( clēofan “ to split, to separate ”), from Proto-Germanic , from *kleubaną Proto-Indo-European ( *glewbʰ- “ to cut, to slice ”). Cognate with Dutch , dialectal German klieven , Swedish klieben , and Ancient Greek klyva ( γλύφω glúphō, “ carve ”).
cleave ( third-person singular simple present , cleaves present participle , cleaving simple past cleft or clove or ( UK ) cleaved or ( archaic ) , clave past participle cleft or cloven or ( UK ) ) cleaved
( transitive ) To split or sever something with, or as if with, a sharp instrument.
The wings cleaved the foggy air. Shakespeare
O Hamlet, thou hast
cleft my heart in twain.
( transitive , mineralogy ) To break a single crystal (such as a gemstone or semiconductor wafer) along one of its more symmetrical crystallographic planes (often by impact), forming facets on the resulting pieces.
( transitive ) To make or accomplish by or as if by cutting.
The truck cleaved a path through the ice.
( transitive , chemistry ) To split (a complex molecule) into simpler molecules.
( intransitive ) To split.
( intransitive , mineralogy ) Of a crystal, to split along a natural plane of division.
transitive to split or sever
( 割る わる, waru) Maori:
, mākahi , matakahi tīwara Norwegian:
kløyve (no) Persian:
شقه کردن ( (fa) šaqqe kardan) Portuguese:
partir , (pt) talhar (pt) Russian:
раска́лывать (ru) ( impf raskályvatʹ), расколо́ть (ru) ( pf raskolótʹ), разреза́ть (ru) ( impf razrezátʹ), разре́зать (ru) ( pf razrézatʹ) ( impf and pf forms differ in word stress , ) рассека́ть (ru) ( impf rassekátʹ), рассе́чь (ru) ( pf rasséčʹ) Spanish:
hender , (es) fender , (es) clivar Swedish:
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Translations to be checked
cleave ( plural ) cleaves
( technology ) Flat, smooth surface produced by cleavage, or any similar surface produced by similar techniques, as in glass.
Related terms Edit
Derived terms Edit
Etymology 2 Edit
Old English , from cleofian Proto-Germanic , from *klibjaną Proto-Indo-European ( *gleybʰ- “ to stick ”). Cognates include German , Dutch kleben . kleven
cleave ( third-person singular simple present , cleaves present participle , cleaving simple past and past participle ) cleaved
( intransitive ) To cling, adhere or stick fast to something; used with to or unto.