Attested since about 1567, from
Middle Dutch ( splitten “ to split ”) (compare modern Dutch ), from splijten Proto-Germanic (compare *splītaną Danish , splitte Low German , splieten German ), from spleißen Proto-Indo-European ( *(s)plei- “ to split, splice ”) (compare Old English ( speld “ splinter ”), Old High German ( spaltan “ to split ”), Old Irish ( sliss “ splinter ”), Lithuanian ( spaliai “ flax sheaves ”), Old Church Slavonic ( ра-сплатити ra-splatiti, “ to cleave, split ”)).
split ( not ) comparable
Republicans appear split on the centerpiece of Mr. Obama's economic recovery plan.
2011 December 19, Kerry Brown, “Kim Jong-il obituary”, in The Guardian : 
With the descent of the cold war, relations between the two countries (for this is, to all intents and purposes, what they became after the end of the war) were almost completely broken off, with whole families split for the ensuing decades, some for ever.
( algebra , of a short exact sequence ) Having the middle group equal to the direct product of the others.
( of coffee ) Comprising half decaffeinated and half caffeinated espresso.
( stock exchange , of an order, sale, etc. ) Divided so as to be done or executed part at one time or price and part at another time or price.
( stock exchange , historical , of quotations ) Given in sixteenths rather than the usual eighths.
is a split quotation.
( London stock exchange ) Designating ordinary stock that has been divided into preferred ordinary and deferred ordinary.
Derived terms Edit
split ( plural ) splits A
crack or longitudinal fissure. A
breach or separation, as in a political party; a division. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a
splinter; a fragment.
( leather manufacture ) One of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.
( gymnastics , cheerleading , dance , usually in the phrase “to do the splits” ) The acrobatic feat of spreading the legs flat on the floor 180 degrees apart, either sideways to the body or with one leg in front and one behind, thus lowering the torso completely to the floor in an upright position.
( baseball , slang ) A split-finger fastball.
He’s got a nasty split.
( bowling ) A result of a first throw that leaves two or more pins standing with one or more pins between them knocked down. A
split shot or split stroke. A dessert or confection resembling a
banana split. A unit of measure used for
champagne or other spirits: 18.75 centiliter or 1/4 quarter of a standard .75 liter bottle. Commercially comparable to 1/20th ( US ) gallon, which is 1/2 of a fifth. A bottle of wine containing 0.375 liters, 1/2 the volume of a standard .75 liter bottle; a
( athletics ) The elapsed time at specific intermediate point(s) in a race.
In the 3000m race, his 800m split was 1:45.32
( construction ) A tear resulting from tensile stresses.
( gambling ) A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.
( music ) A recording containing songs by multiple artists.
crack, longitudinal fissure
unit of measure used for champagne or spirits
tear resulting from tensile stresses
gambling: division of a stake
split ( third-person singular simple present , splits present participle , splitting simple past and past participle ) split
( transitive , ergative ) Of something solid, to divide fully or partly along a more or less straight line.
He has split his lip.
Robert Boyle (1627-1691)
a huge vessel of exceeding hard marble
split asunder by congealed water
( transitive ) To share; to divide.
We split the money among three people.
2013 September-October, Katie L. Burke, “ In the News”, in : American Scientist
The critical component of the photosynthetic system is the “water-oxidizing complex”, made up of manganese atoms and a calcium atom. This system splits water molecules and delivers some of their electrons to other molecules that help build up carbohydrates.
( slang ) To leave.
Let's split this scene and see if we can find a real party. to
separate or break up.
Did you hear Dick and Jane split? They'll probably get a divorce. To be broken; to be dashed to pieces.
splits on the rock. To burst out laughing.
Each had a gravity would make you
( slang , dated ) To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Thackeray to this entry?)
( sports ) In athletics (esp. baseball), when both teams involved in a doubleheader each win one game and lose another game.
Boston split with Philadelphia in a doubleheader, winning the first game 3-1 before losing 2-0 in the nightcap.
simple past tense and past participle of split
Derived terms Edit
divide along a more or less straight line
( قَسَمَ qasama) Aromanian:
, disic spãntic Burmese:
ခွဲ ( (my) hkwai:) Catalan:
partir , (ca) dividir , (ca) escindir (ca) Chinese:
, 裂開 裂开 ( (zh) liěkāi), 分裂 ( (zh) fēnliè), 裂 ( (zh) liè) Dutch:
splitsen , (nl) opsplitsen Finnish:
halkaista , (fi) haljeta , (fi) lohkaista French:
fendre , (fr) diviser , (fr) scinder (fr) Galician:
partir , (gl) dividir , (gl) escindir Georgian:
( გაპობა gaṗoba), ( გახლეჩა gaxleča) German:
spalten (de) Greek:
σχίζω ( (el) schízo) Hebrew:
( פיצל pitzél), ( חילק khilék) Hungarian:
hasít (hu) Icelandic:
klofna (is) Ido:
fendar (io) Indonesian:
belah (id) Irish:
, scoilt , deighil scáin Italian:
fendere , (it) dividere , (it) scindere , (it) spaccare (it) Japanese:
( 割る waru) Latgalian:
, scindo , partior , findo divido (la) Latvian:
, matakahi ( mātītore of old timber due to weathering) Ngazidja Comorian:
upasuha Old English:
بشکلیدن ( (fa) beškalidan) Polish:
dzielić (pl) , impf rozszczepiać (pl) impf Portuguese:
partir , (pt) dividir , (pt) cindir (pt) Quechua:
, ch'iqtay , laray puchqay Rapa Nui:
despica , (ro) diviza , (ro) scinda , (ro) spinteca (ro) Romansch:
, sfender , fender divider Russian:
расщепля́ть (ru) ( impf rasščepljátʹ), расщепи́ть (ru) ( pf rasščepítʹ) Sorbian:
partir , (es) dividir , (es) escindir (es) Sundanese:
dela , (sv) , söndra splittra (sv) Walloon:
finde (wa) Welsh:
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked