diigis

Contents

NavajoEdit

EtymologyEdit

di-(inceptive) + -yi-(transitional) + -Ø-(3rd person subject prefix) + -d-(classifier) + -gis (neuter perfective stem of root -GIZ, “to twist”).

VerbEdit

diigis

  1. he/she/it is stupid
  2. he/she/it is clumsy
  3. First-person duoplural imperfective form of diigis

Usage notesEdit

This is a neuter verb that uses only the yii-perfective mode.

ConjugationEdit

Paradigm: Neuter perfective (yii).

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person diisgis diigis dadiigis
2nd person dinigis doohgis dadoohgis
3rd person diigis dadiigis
4th person jidiigis dazhdiigis

Note: This verb has been variously described by Young (1987) as a Ø-classifier/yii-imperfective, and Young (1992) as a Ø-classifier/yii-perfective.

It is here rather described as a d-classifier/yii-perfective, which is the only combination that accounts for both the -iis ending in the 1sg (as per the d-classifier; the Ø- classifier would give -ii) and the -ini ending in the 2sg (as per the yii-perfective; the yii-imperfective would give -ii).