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XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

-dinwa

  1. (intransitive) to be tired

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From -dina +‎ -wa.

VerbEdit

-dinwa

  1. (intransitive) to be tired, to be made tired

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukudinwa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukudinwa ukungadinwa
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular dinwa -dinwe
Plural dinwani -dinweni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyadinwa, ngidinwa engidinwayo, engidinwa ngidinwa angidinwa engingadinwa ngingadinwa
2nd singular uyadinwa, udinwa odinwayo, odinwa udinwa awudinwa ongadinwa ungadinwa
1st plural siyadinwa, sidinwa esidinwayo, esidinwa sidinwa asidinwa esingadinwa singadinwa
2nd plural niyadinwa, nidinwa enidinwayo, enidinwa nidinwa anidinwa eningadinwa ningadinwa
Class 1 uyadinwa, udinwa odinwayo, odinwa edinwa akadinwa ongadinwa engadinwa
Class 2 bayadinwa, badinwa abadinwayo, abadinwa bedinwa abadinwa abangadinwa bengadinwa
Class 3 uyadinwa, udinwa odinwayo, odinwa udinwa awudinwa ongadinwa ungadinwa
Class 4 iyadinwa, idinwa edinwayo, edinwa idinwa ayidinwa engadinwa ingadinwa
Class 5 liyadinwa, lidinwa elidinwayo, elidinwa lidinwa alidinwa elingadinwa lingadinwa
Class 6 ayadinwa, adinwa adinwayo, adinwa edinwa awadinwa angadinwa engadinwa
Class 7 siyadinwa, sidinwa esidinwayo, esidinwa sidinwa asidinwa esingadinwa singadinwa
Class 8 ziyadinwa, zidinwa ezidinwayo, ezidinwa zidinwa azidinwa ezingadinwa zingadinwa
Class 9 iyadinwa, idinwa edinwayo, edinwa idinwa ayidinwa engadinwa ingadinwa
Class 10 ziyadinwa, zidinwa ezidinwayo, ezidinwa zidinwa azidinwa ezingadinwa zingadinwa
Class 11 luyadinwa, ludinwa oludinwayo, oludinwa ludinwa aludinwa olungadinwa lungadinwa
Class 14 buyadinwa, budinwa obudinwayo, obudinwa budinwa abudinwa obungadinwa bungadinwa
Class 15 kuyadinwa, kudinwa okudinwayo, okudinwa kudinwa akudinwa okungadinwa kungadinwa
Class 17 kuyadinwa, kudinwa okudinwayo, okudinwa kudinwa akudinwa okungadinwa kungadinwa
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngidiniwe, ngidinwē engidiniwe, engidinwē ngidiniwe, ngidinwē angidinwanga engingadinwanga ngingadinwanga
2nd singular udiniwe, udinwē odiniwe, odinwē udiniwe, udinwē awudinwanga ongadinwanga ungadinwanga
1st plural sidiniwe, sidinwē esidiniwe, esidinwē sidiniwe, sidinwē asidinwanga esingadinwanga singadinwanga
2nd plural nidiniwe, nidinwē enidiniwe, enidinwē nidiniwe, nidinwē anidinwanga eningadinwanga ningadinwanga
Class 1 udiniwe, udinwē odiniwe, odinwē ediniwe, edinwē akadinwanga ongadinwanga engadinwanga
Class 2 badiniwe, badinwē abadiniwe, abadinwē bediniwe, bedinwē abadinwanga abangadinwanga bengadinwanga
Class 3 udiniwe, udinwē odiniwe, odinwē udiniwe, udinwē awudinwanga ongadinwanga ungadinwanga
Class 4 idiniwe, idinwē ediniwe, edinwē idiniwe, idinwē ayidinwanga engadinwanga ingadinwanga
Class 5 lidiniwe, lidinwē elidiniwe, elidinwē lidiniwe, lidinwē alidinwanga elingadinwanga lingadinwanga
Class 6 adiniwe, adinwē adiniwe, adinwē ediniwe, edinwē awadinwanga angadinwanga engadinwanga
Class 7 sidiniwe, sidinwē esidiniwe, esidinwē sidiniwe, sidinwē asidinwanga esingadinwanga singadinwanga
Class 8 zidiniwe, zidinwē ezidiniwe, ezidinwē zidiniwe, zidinwē azidinwanga ezingadinwanga zingadinwanga
Class 9 idiniwe, idinwē ediniwe, edinwē idiniwe, idinwē ayidinwanga engadinwanga ingadinwanga
Class 10 zidiniwe, zidinwē ezidiniwe, ezidinwē zidiniwe, zidinwē azidinwanga ezingadinwanga zingadinwanga
Class 11 ludiniwe, ludinwē oludiniwe, oludinwē ludiniwe, ludinwē aludinwanga olungadinwanga lungadinwanga
Class 14 budiniwe, budinwē obudiniwe, obudinwē budiniwe, budinwē abudinwanga obungadinwanga bungadinwanga
Class 15 kudiniwe, kudinwē okudiniwe, okudinwē kudiniwe, kudinwē akudinwanga okungadinwanga kungadinwanga
Class 17 kudiniwe, kudinwē okudiniwe, okudinwē kudiniwe, kudinwē akudinwanga okungadinwanga kungadinwanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngādinwa engādinwa ngādinwa angidinwanga engingadinwanga ngingadinwanga
2nd singular wādinwa owādinwa wādinwa awudinwanga ongadinwanga ungadinwanga
1st plural sādinwa esādinwa sādinwa asidinwanga esingadinwanga singadinwanga
2nd plural nādinwa enādinwa nādinwa anidinwanga eningadinwanga ningadinwanga
Class 1 wādinwa owādinwa ādinwa akadinwanga ongadinwanga engadinwanga
Class 2 bādinwa abādinwa bādinwa abadinwanga abangadinwanga bengadinwanga
Class 3 wādinwa owādinwa wādinwa awudinwanga ongadinwanga ungadinwanga
Class 4 yādinwa eyādinwa yādinwa ayidinwanga engadinwanga ingadinwanga
Class 5 lādinwa elādinwa lādinwa alidinwanga elingadinwanga lingadinwanga
Class 6 ādinwa ādinwa ādinwa awadinwanga angadinwanga engadinwanga
Class 7 sādinwa esādinwa sādinwa asidinwanga esingadinwanga singadinwanga
Class 8 zādinwa ezādinwa zādinwa azidinwanga ezingadinwanga zingadinwanga
Class 9 yādinwa eyādinwa yādinwa ayidinwanga engadinwanga ingadinwanga
Class 10 zādinwa ezādinwa zādinwa azidinwanga ezingadinwanga zingadinwanga
Class 11 lwādinwa olwādinwa lwādinwa aludinwanga olungadinwanga lungadinwanga
Class 14 bādinwa obādinwa bādinwa abudinwanga obungadinwanga bungadinwanga
Class 15 kwādinwa okwādinwa kwādinwa akudinwanga okungadinwanga kungadinwanga
Class 17 kwādinwa okwādinwa kwādinwa akudinwanga okungadinwanga kungadinwanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingadinwa ngingadinwa ngingedinwe ngingedinwe
2nd singular ungadinwa ungadinwa ungedinwe ungedinwe
1st plural singadinwa singadinwa singedinwe singedinwe
2nd plural ningadinwa ningadinwa ningedinwe ningedinwe
Class 1 angadinwa engadinwa angedinwe engedinwe
Class 2 bangadinwa bengadinwa bangedinwe bengedinwe
Class 3 ungadinwa ungadinwa ungedinwe ungedinwe
Class 4 ingadinwa ingadinwa ingedinwe ingedinwe
Class 5 lingadinwa lingadinwa lingedinwe lingedinwe
Class 6 angadinwa engadinwa angedinwe engedinwe
Class 7 singadinwa singadinwa singedinwe singedinwe
Class 8 zingadinwa zingadinwa zingedinwe zingedinwe
Class 9 ingadinwa ingadinwa ingedinwe ingedinwe
Class 10 zingadinwa zingadinwa zingedinwe zingedinwe
Class 11 lungadinwa lungadinwa lungedinwe lungedinwe
Class 14 bungadinwa bungadinwa bungedinwe bungedinwe
Class 15 kungadinwa kungadinwa kungedinwe kungedinwe
Class 17 kungadinwa kungadinwa kungedinwe kungedinwe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizodinwa engizodinwa ngizodinwa angizudinwa engingezudinwa ngingezudinwa
2nd singular uzodinwa ozodinwa uzodinwa awuzudinwa ongezudinwa ungezudinwa
1st plural sizodinwa esizodinwa sizodinwa asizudinwa esingezudinwa singezudinwa
2nd plural nizodinwa enizodinwa nizodinwa anizudinwa eningezudinwa ningezudinwa
Class 1 uzodinwa ozodinwa ezodinwa akazudinwa ongezudinwa engezudinwa
Class 2 bazodinwa abazodinwa bezodinwa abazudinwa abangezudinwa bengezudinwa
Class 3 uzodinwa ozodinwa uzodinwa awuzudinwa ongezudinwa ungezudinwa
Class 4 izodinwa ezodinwa izodinwa ayizudinwa engezudinwa ingezudinwa
Class 5 lizodinwa elizodinwa lizodinwa alizudinwa elingezudinwa lingezudinwa
Class 6 azodinwa azodinwa ezodinwa awazudinwa angezudinwa engezudinwa
Class 7 sizodinwa esizodinwa sizodinwa asizudinwa esingezudinwa singezudinwa
Class 8 zizodinwa ezizodinwa zizodinwa azizudinwa ezingezudinwa zingezudinwa
Class 9 izodinwa ezodinwa izodinwa ayizudinwa engezudinwa ingezudinwa
Class 10 zizodinwa ezizodinwa zizodinwa azizudinwa ezingezudinwa zingezudinwa
Class 11 luzodinwa oluzodinwa luzodinwa aluzudinwa olungezudinwa lungezudinwa
Class 14 buzodinwa obuzodinwa buzodinwa abuzudinwa obungezudinwa bungezudinwa
Class 15 kuzodinwa okuzodinwa kuzodinwa akuzudinwa okungezudinwa kungezudinwa
Class 17 kuzodinwa okuzodinwa kuzodinwa akuzudinwa okungezudinwa kungezudinwa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyodinwa engiyodinwa ngiyodinwa angiyudinwa engingeyudinwa ngingeyudinwa
2nd singular uyodinwa oyodinwa uyodinwa awuyudinwa ongeyudinwa ungeyudinwa
1st plural siyodinwa esiyodinwa siyodinwa asiyudinwa esingeyudinwa singeyudinwa
2nd plural niyodinwa eniyodinwa niyodinwa aniyudinwa eningeyudinwa ningeyudinwa
Class 1 uyodinwa oyodinwa eyodinwa akayudinwa ongeyudinwa engeyudinwa
Class 2 bayodinwa abayodinwa beyodinwa abayudinwa abangeyudinwa bengeyudinwa
Class 3 uyodinwa oyodinwa uyodinwa awuyudinwa ongeyudinwa ungeyudinwa
Class 4 iyodinwa eyodinwa iyodinwa ayiyudinwa engeyudinwa ingeyudinwa
Class 5 liyodinwa eliyodinwa liyodinwa aliyudinwa elingeyudinwa lingeyudinwa
Class 6 ayodinwa ayodinwa eyodinwa awayudinwa angeyudinwa engeyudinwa
Class 7 siyodinwa esiyodinwa siyodinwa asiyudinwa esingeyudinwa singeyudinwa
Class 8 ziyodinwa eziyodinwa ziyodinwa aziyudinwa ezingeyudinwa zingeyudinwa
Class 9 iyodinwa eyodinwa iyodinwa ayiyudinwa engeyudinwa ingeyudinwa
Class 10 ziyodinwa eziyodinwa ziyodinwa aziyudinwa ezingeyudinwa zingeyudinwa
Class 11 luyodinwa oluyodinwa luyodinwa aluyudinwa olungeyudinwa lungeyudinwa
Class 14 buyodinwa obuyodinwa buyodinwa abuyudinwa obungeyudinwa bungeyudinwa
Class 15 kuyodinwa okuyodinwa kuyodinwa akuyudinwa okungeyudinwa kungeyudinwa
Class 17 kuyodinwa okuyodinwa kuyodinwa akuyudinwa okungeyudinwa kungeyudinwa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngidinwe ngingadinwa
2nd singular udinwe ungadinwa
1st plural sidinwe singadinwa
2nd plural nidinwe ningadinwa
Class 1 adinwe angadinwa
Class 2 badinwe bangadinwa
Class 3 udinwe ungadinwa
Class 4 idinwe ingadinwa
Class 5 lidinwe lingadinwa
Class 6 adinwe angadinwa
Class 7 sidinwe singadinwa
Class 8 zidinwe zingadinwa
Class 9 idinwe ingadinwa
Class 10 zidinwe zingadinwa
Class 11 ludinwe lungadinwa
Class 14 budinwe bungadinwa
Class 15 kudinwe kungadinwa
Class 17 kudinwe kungadinwa
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngadinwa ngangadinwa, angadinwa, angangadinwa
2nd singular wadinwa wangadinwa, awadinwa, awangadinwa
1st plural sadinwa sangadinwa, asadinwa, asangadinwa
2nd plural nadinwa nangadinwa, anadinwa, anangadinwa
Class 1 wadinwa wangadinwa, akadinwa, akangadinwa
Class 2 badinwa bangadinwa, abadinwa, abangadinwa
Class 3 wadinwa wangadinwa, awadinwa, awangadinwa
Class 4 yadinwa yangadinwa, ayadinwa, ayangadinwa
Class 5 ladinwa langadinwa, aladinwa, alangadinwa
Class 6 adinwa angadinwa, awadinwa, awangadinwa
Class 7 sadinwa sangadinwa, asadinwa, asangadinwa
Class 8 zadinwa zangadinwa, azadinwa, azangadinwa
Class 9 yadinwa yangadinwa, ayadinwa, ayangadinwa
Class 10 zadinwa zangadinwa, azadinwa, azangadinwa
Class 11 lwadinwa lwangadinwa, alwadinwa, alwangadinwa
Class 14 badinwa bangadinwa, abadinwa, abangadinwa
Class 15 kwadinwa kwangadinwa, akwadinwa, akwangadinwa
Class 17 kwadinwa kwangadinwa, akwadinwa, akwangadinwa

ReferencesEdit