eisteddfodau

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌaɪstɛðˈvɒdaɪ/, enPR: ī'stĕth-vŏdʹī
  • (chiefly Wales) IPA(key): /ˌeɪstɛðˈvɒdaɪ/, enPR: ā'stĕth-vŏdʹī
  • Hyphenation: ei‧stedd‧fod‧au

NounEdit

eisteddfodau pl

  1. plural of eisteddfod

Usage notesEdit

  • As eisteddfodau are a particularly Welsh cultural institution, the use of the etymologically consistent plural is far more common than the use of other such plurals of words borrowed from Welsh; compare: corgwn, cymoedd.
  • The use of this plural is preferred by most writers and speakers over the alternative English plural (eisteddfods) as it is long-accepted usage and shows greater cultural sensitivity.

QuotationsEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From eisteddfod +‎ -au.

PronunciationEdit

  • (North Wales, standard) IPA(key): /ˌei̯sdɛðˈvɔdaɨ̯/, [ˌei̯stɛðˈvɔdaɨ̯]
    • (North Wales, colloquial) IPA(key): /sdɛðˈvɔdɛ/, [stɛðˈvɔdɛ], /sdɛðˈvɔda/, [stɛðˈvɔda]
  • (South Wales, standard) IPA(key): /ˌei̯sdɛðˈvoːdai̯/, [ˌei̯stɛðˈvoːdai̯], /ˌei̯sdɛðˈvɔdai̯/, [ˌei̯stɛðˈvɔdai̯]
    • (South Wales, colloquial) IPA(key): /sdɛðˈvoːdɛ/, [stɛðˈvoːdɛ], /sdɛðˈvɔdɛ/, [stɛðˈvɔdɛ]

NounEdit

eisteddfodau f pl

  1. plural of eisteddfod
    • 1822, Morgan Williams, Collectaneous Epitaphs: Chiefly Designed to Assist Surviving Relations in Fixing Upon Suitable…, page 71:
      Yr oedd llafur Owain Myfyr, Gwilym Owain, ac yntau, yn dechreu dwyn ffrwyth yn niwedd ei oes ef; ac nid oes nemawr o achos ammheuaeth, mai i’w llafur hwy yr ydym yn ddyledus am adfywiad yr Eisteddfodau yn yr hanner canrif diweddaf.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
eisteddfodau unchanged unchanged heisteddfodau
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.