Akkadian edit

3 terms

Etymology edit

From Proto-Semitic *ḥaraṯ- (to plow). Cognate with Arabic حَرَثَ(ḥaraṯa) and Biblical Hebrew חָרַשׁ(ḥɔráš).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

erēšum (G, i, durative irriš, perfect īteriš, preterite īriš, imperative eriš)

  1. to sow, plant, plough and seed
  2. to cultivate (a field)

Conjugation edit

Infinitive erēšum
Participle ērišum
Adjective eršum
Active Durative Preterite Perfect Imperative
1.sg erriš ēriš ēteriš lūriš
2.sg m terriš tēriš tēteriš eriš
f terrišī tērišī tēteršī eršī
3.sg irriš īriš īteriš līriš
1.pl nirriš nīriš nīteriš i nīriš
2.pl terrišā tērišā tēteršā eršā
3.pl m irrišū īrišū īteršū līrišū
f irrišā īrišā īteršā līrišā
This table gives Old Babylonian inflection. For conjugation in other dialects, see Appendix:Akkadian dialectal conjugation.

Alternative forms edit

Cuneiform spellings
Logograms Phonetic

Related terms edit

References edit

  • erēšu B”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), volume 4, E, Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1958, page 285
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (2000), “erēšu(m)”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, page 77
  • Huehnergard, John (2011) A Grammar of Akkadian (Harvard Semitic Studies; 45), 3rd edition, Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns