EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English sowe, from Old English sugu, from Proto-Germanic *sugō (compare West Frisian sûch, Dutch zeug, Low German Söög, Swedish sugga, Norwegian sugge), from Proto-Indo-European *suh₂kéh₂ (compare Welsh hwch (pig), Sanskrit सूकर (sūkará, swine, boar)), from *suh₂-, *sū- ‘pig’ (compare German Sau, Latin sūs, Tocharian B suwo, Ancient Greek ὗς (hỹs), Albanian thi, Avestan (boar) [script?]). See also swine.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

A sow with her young.

sow (plural sows or swine)

  1. A female pig.
  2. A channel that conducts molten metal to molds.
  3. A mass of metal solidified in a mold.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 160:
      In England, it was generally termed a 'sow', if the weight was above 10 cwts., if below, it was termed a 'pig' from which the present term 'pig iron' is derived.
  4. (derogatory, slang) A contemptible woman.
  5. A sowbug.
  6. (military) A kind of covered shed, formerly used by besiegers in filling up and passing the ditch of a besieged place, sapping and mining the wall, etc.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Craig to this entry?)
Usage notesEdit

The plural form swine is now obsolete in this sense.

SynonymsEdit
  • (mass of metal solidified in a mold): ingot
  • (contemptible woman): bitch, cow
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English sowen, from Old English sāwan, from Proto-Germanic *sēaną, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₁-. Compare Dutch zaaien, German säen, Danish .

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sow (third-person singular simple present sows, present participle sowing, simple past sowed, past participle sown)

  1. (transitive) To scatter, disperse, or plant (seeds).
    When I had sown the field, the day's work was over.
    As you sow, so shall you reap.
  2. (figuratively) To spread abroad; to propagate.
    • Addison
      And sow dissension in the hearts of brothers.
  3. (figuratively) To scatter over; to besprinkle.
    • Sir M. Hale
      The intellectual faculty is a goodly field, [] and it is the worst husbandry in the world to sow it with trifles.
    • Milton
      [He] sowed with stars the heaven.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Last modified on 30 March 2014, at 02:35