From Middle English ethymologie, from Old French ethimologie, from Latin etymologia, from Ancient Greek ἐτυμολογία (etumología), from ἔτυμον (étumon, “true sense”) and -λογία (-logía, “study of”), from λόγος (lógos, “word; explanation”).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: ĕt'ĭ-mŏlʹə-jē; IPA(key): /ˌɛt.ɪˈmɒl.ə.d͡ʒi/
- (General American) enPR: ĕt'ə-mŏlʹə-jē; IPA(key): /ˌɛt.əˈmɑl.ə.d͡ʒi/
Audio (US) (file)
- Hyphenation: e‧ty‧mo‧lo‧gy
- Rhymes: -ɒlədʒi
etymology (plural etymologies)
- (uncountable) The study of the historical development of languages, particularly as manifested in individual words.
- (countable) The origin and historical development of a word; the derivation.
- 2018, James Lambert, “A multitude of ‘lishes’: The nomenclature of hybridity”, in English World-Wide, page 13:
- The etymology of the term Japlish is disputed and contentiously so.
- Although written the same, the words lead (the metal) and lead (the verb) have totally different etymologies.
- (countable) An account of the origin and historical development of a word as presented in a dictionary or the like.
- Not to be confused with entomology (“the study of insects”) or etiology (“the study of causes or origins”).
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.