See also: étymon

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (étumon, the true sense of a word according to its origin), from ἔτυμος (étumos, true, real, actual).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Examples

The Latin candidus (white) is the etymon of the English candid.

etymon (plural etymons or etyma)

  1. (linguistics) The original or earlier form of an inherited or borrowed word, affix, or morpheme either from an earlier period in a language's development, from an ancestral language, or from a foreign language.
    • 2006, Folia orientalia - Volumes 42-43, page 467:
      Here such cases as ghost words & misglosses, secondary semantics, different etymologies for one etymon or one etymology for different etyma, and finally semantic overpermissiveness are discussed.
    • 2018, James Lambert, “A multitude of ‘lishes’: The nomenclature of hybridity”, in English World-Wide[1], page 5:
      The resulting citation collection was databased and coded for meaning, etymon, and date range (earliest and latest occurrence found).
    • 2016, Garner, Bryan A., Garner's Modern English Usage, 4th edition:
      Parricide, the more usual word, means (1) "the murder of one's own father"; or (2) "someone who murders his or her own father" […] It is also used in extended senses, such as "the murder of the ruler of a country" and "the murder of a close relative." These are not examples of slipshod extension, however, for even the Latin etymon (parricida) was used in these senses.
    Antonyms: derivative, reflex
    Coordinate term: cognate

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (étumon) or Latin etymon.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː.ti.mɔn/
  • Hyphenation: ety‧mon

NounEdit

etymon n (plural etyma)

  1. etymon [from early 18th c.]
    • 1710, Lambert ten Kate, Gemeenschap tussen de Gottische spraeke en de Nederduytsche, publ. by Jan Rieuwertszoon, page 20.
      Deze kennisse van 't Gottische baent ons eenen weg om het Etymon van vele onzer woorden te ontdekken, dat buyten dit behulp onnavorschelyk zoude zyn.
      This knowledge of Gothic makes a way for us to discover the etymon of many of our words, that would be inscrutable without this aid.

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (étumon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

etymon n (genitive etymī); second declension

  1. etymon

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative etymon etyma
Genitive etymī etymōrum
Dative etymō etymīs
Accusative etymon etyma
Ablative etymō etymīs
Vocative etymon etyma

ReferencesEdit