See also: Exonym



exo- (outside) +‎ -onym (name)


  • Moscow in English for the city called Moskva in Russian
  • Charles in English for historical people called Karl or Carl in their Germanic languages

exonym (plural exonyms)

  1. An external name for a place, people or language used by foreigners instead of the native-language version.
    Synonym: xenonym
    Antonyms: endonym, autonym
    • 2019 January 4, Sarah Zhang, “Why Mandarin Doesn’t Come From Chinese”, in The Atlantic[1]:
      “Mandarin” is what linguists call an exonym, an external name for a place, people, or language. And exonyms often tell of a history of how cultures met, fought, and interacted.

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