Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *extrezmo- < *exterezemo- < *exterisemo-, from exter +‎ -issimus. Same development as postrēmus and suprēmus. Confer with extimus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

extrēmus ‎(superlative of exter)

  1. situated at the end, edge, or tip
  2. occurring at the end (of a period of time), last
  3. extreme in degree

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative extrēmus extrēma extrēmum extrēmī extrēmae extrēma
genitive extrēmī extrēmae extrēmī extrēmōrum extrēmārum extrēmōrum
dative extrēmō extrēmō extrēmīs
accusative extrēmum extrēmam extrēmum extrēmōs extrēmās extrēma
ablative extrēmō extrēmā extrēmō extrēmīs
vocative extrēme extrēma extrēmum extrēmī extrēmae extrēma

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

extremus m ‎(genitive extremī); second declension

  1. rear
  2. end

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative extremus extremī
genitive extremī extremōrum
dative extremō extremīs
accusative extremum extremōs
ablative extremō extremīs
vocative extreme extremī

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • extremus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • extremus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • extremus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the most distant countries, the world's end: extremae terrae partes
    • (ambiguous) on the edge of the hill: ad extremum tumulum
    • (ambiguous) at the end of the year: exeunte, extremo anno
    • (ambiguous) to touch with the fingertips: extremis digitis aliquid attingere
    • (ambiguous) the last stage of life, one's last days: extrema aetas
    • (ambiguous) the last stage of life, one's last days: extremum tempus aetatis
    • (ambiguous) to give up the ghost: extremum vitae spiritum edere
    • (ambiguous) to inflict a death-blow: plagam extremam or mortiferam infligere
    • (ambiguous) affairs are desperate; we are reduced to extremeties: res ad extremum casum perducta est
    • (ambiguous) affairs are desperate; we are reduced to extremeties: ad extrema perventum est
    • (ambiguous) to be reduced to one's last resource: ad extremum auxilium descendere
    • (ambiguous) to have recourse to extreme measures: descendere ad extrema consilia (Fam. 10. 33. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to go back to the remote ages: repetere ab ultima (extrema, prisca) antiquitate (vetustate), ab heroicis temporibus
    • (ambiguous) at the end of the book: in extremo libro (Q. Fr. 2. 7. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to put the finishing touch to a work: extrema manus accēdit operi (active extremam manum imponere operi)
    • (ambiguous) the rearguard: agmen novissimum (extremum)
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press
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